Echinacea purpurea — Facts & Information

Eastern Purple Coneflower learn more about names for this taxon

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>
native range includes
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
introduced range includes
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>
flower color
Additional detail purple
  • purple
    A color that falls about midway between red and blue in hue.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000951
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
leaf color
Additional detail green
  • green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
fruit or seed color
Additional detail black USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
plant growth habit
Additional detail forb/herb
  • forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
plant height median
Additional detail 36.58 cm mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
average Additional detail 76.2 cm mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
shape
Additional detail erect
  • erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
primary growth form
Additional detail single stem
  • single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail medium (23 – 59)
  • medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
foliage texture
Additional detail smooth
  • smooth
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's processing a surface free of roughness or irregularities.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000701
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>
  • frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
frost free days min
Additional detail 90 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 35.56 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 1.02 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
soil depth min
Additional detail 60.96 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
low temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -36.1 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
habitat
Additional detail cut
  • cut
    An excavation of the Earth's surface to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, etc.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000474
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail garden
  • garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hedge
  • hedge
    A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail limestone
  • limestone
    A sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002053
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail loam
  • loam
    A soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002258
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
Additional detail plain
  • plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail watercourse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
interacts with
Additional detail A Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila nigricans GloBI  
Additional detail Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Black and Gold Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Bumble Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Cabbage White Butterfly GloBI  
Additional detail Camouflaged Looper GloBI  
Additional detail Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Checkered White GloBI  
Additional detail Common Eastern Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Common Sulphur GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Tiger Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Empis clausa GloBI  
Additional detail European Honey Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa decora GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa fasciata GloBI  
Additional detail Fiery Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Grasshopper Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Great Spangled Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Horace's Duskywing GloBI  
Additional detail Leafcutter Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Long-horned Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Marram, Beachgrass GloBI  
Additional detail Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata GloBI  
Additional detail Monarch GloBI  
Additional detail Mud Daubers GloBI  
Additional detail Peck Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Pipevine Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Pug Moths GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchanthrax parvicornis GloBI  
Additional detail Rusty-patched Bumblebee GloBI  
Additional detail Silver-spotted Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Silvery Checkerspot GloBI  
Additional detail Small Mining Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Plains Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Sunflower Moth GloBI  
Additional detail Svastra obliqua obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail Swallowtails GloBI  
Additional detail Swallowtails GloBI  
Additional detail Sweat Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Thick-headed Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Thorybes GloBI  
Additional detail Variable Cuckoo Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Variegated Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Whites and Sulphurs GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow-collared Scape Moth GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion GloBI  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
interacts with
Additional detail A Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail American Lady GloBI  
Additional detail American Lady GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila nigricans GloBI  
Additional detail Aphrodite Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Black and Gold Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Black Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Brown-belted Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Byssus Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Cabbage White Butterfly GloBI  
Additional detail Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Checkered White GloBI  
Additional detail Common Eastern Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Common Ringlet GloBI  
Additional detail Common Sulphur GloBI  
Additional detail Common Sulphur GloBI  
Additional detail Common Thread-waisted Wasp GloBI  
Additional detail Common Wood-nymph GloBI  
Additional detail Delaware Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Purple Coneflower GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Purple Coneflower GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Tiger Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Tiger Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Tiger Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Empis clausa GloBI  
Additional detail European Honey Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa decora GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa fasciata GloBI  
Additional detail Fiery Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Grasshopper Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Great Spangled Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Great Spangled Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Great Spangled Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Green Clouded Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Horace's Duskywing GloBI  
Additional detail Meadow Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata GloBI  
Additional detail Monarch GloBI  
Additional detail Monarch GloBI  
Additional detail Orange Sulphur GloBI  
Additional detail Orange Sulphur GloBI  
Additional detail Painted Lady GloBI  
Additional detail Painted Lady GloBI  
Additional detail Peck Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Peck Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Pipevine Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Red Admiral GloBI  
Additional detail Red-spotted Admiral GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchanthrax parvicornis GloBI  
Additional detail Rusty-patched Bumblebee GloBI  
Additional detail Silver-spotted Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Silvery Checkerspot GloBI  
Additional detail Silvery Checkerspot GloBI  
Additional detail Silvery Checkerspot GloBI  
Additional detail Sleepy Orange GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Cloudywing GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Dogface GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Plains Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Svastra obliqua obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail Variable Cuckoo Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Variegated Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Wild Indigo Duskywing GloBI  
Additional detail Woodland Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow-collared Scape Moth GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion obliquefasciatum GloBI  
fire resistance
Additional detail is fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • no known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs dry to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
drought tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
moisture use
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
salt tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
shade tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs sun to partial shade Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>
life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
bloom period
Additional detail early summer
  • early summer
    The early part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlySummer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
active growth period
Additional detail spring and summer USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
growth rate
Additional detail moderate
  • moderate
    Moderate rate. A rate which is neither relatively high nor low.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateRate
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
after harvest regrowth rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
life span
Additional detail high life span
  • high life span
    Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will not resprout
  • will not resprout
    The plant will not resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification required
  • cold stratification required
    Cold stratification significantly increases the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
fire tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed period end
Additional detail autumn
  • autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed period begin
Additional detail summer
  • summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is not persistent
  • fruit/seed is not persistent
    The fruit or seed is not persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seeds per pound average
Additional detail 115,664 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed spread rate
Additional detail moderate
  • moderate
    Moderate rate. A rate which is neither relatively high nor low.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateRate
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seedling survival
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
vegetative spread rate
Additional detail moderate
  • moderate
    Moderate rate. A rate which is neither relatively high nor low.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateRate
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed ripening date
Additional detail August
  • August
    The eighth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106187
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
bloom period begin
Additional detail June
  • June
    The sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106185
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
bloom period end
Additional detail July
  • July
    The seventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106186
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
seed per unit average
Additional detail 6,000 per ounce Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>
  • soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
soil pH min
Additional detail 6.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 7.2 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail low
  • low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>
extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Echinacea purpurea</i>
livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
horticulture
Additional detail flower is conspicuous
  • flower is conspicuous
    Flowers are conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is not conspicuous
  • fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is not fall conspicuous
  • is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
foliage porosity winter
Additional detail porous
  • porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
foliage porosity summer
Additional detail porous
  • porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
hedge tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
plant propagation method
Additional detail cold moist stratification
  • cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail dry seed storage Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail not propogated by bare root
  • not propogated by bare root
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by container
  • not propogated by container
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by cuttings
  • not propogated by cuttings
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail sow late in greenhouse
  • sow late in greenhouse
    The plant develops rapidly in greenhouse production. Sow late in the season.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationLateGreenhouse
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as lumber product
  • not suitable as lumber product
    The plant is not suitable, and has no potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as nursery stock product
  • not suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is not suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as pulpwood product
  • not suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as veneer product
  • not suitable as veneer product
    The tree is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for naval store products
  • not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail used as fodder product
  • used as fodder product
    The plant is known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
browse animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
graze animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
protein potential
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
plant spacing average
Additional detail 60.96 cm Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
seed/spore extraction
Additional detail air-dry seed pods
  • air-dry seed pods
    Air-dry seed pods (may require collecting early and caging to catch fluffy seed or exploding seed pods)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractAirDry
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail grind hard dry fruit
  • grind hard dry fruit
    Grind hard dry fruit in a leaf grinder or stomp under foot.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractGrind
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

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