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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

This native perennial plant is 4-8' tall and usually unbranched, except for the slender flowering stems in the upper half. The opposite compound leaves are highly variable in appearance, but are usually divided into 3-5 narrow leaflets toward the base of the plant (oddly pinnate), but are smaller and lanceolate as they ascend up the flowering stems. The compound leaves near the base are up to 8" long and 6" across, while the upper leaves are less than 3" long and ¾" across. These leaves have smooth margins and are sparsely distributed along the stems, giving this plant an airy appearance. They are also hairless. Daisy-like compound flowers appear singly on the upper stems during late summer or early fall. Each composite flower is about 1½–2" across. There are 6-10 yellow ray florets surrounding numerous brown disk florets. There is no floral scent. The blooming period lasts about 1-2 months. The dark achenes are without tufts of hairs. The root system is fibrous and rhizomatous, often forming loose colonies of plants.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Comments

This is the tallest coreopsis, which blooms later than other members of the genus. It also has smaller flowers with dark brown centers, rather than the yellow centers of other species. Tall Coreopsis is more impressive when it occurs in colonies, rather than as a stand-alone specimen. Each plant tends to sway with the passage of every breeze during a sunny afternoon, exerting a hypnotic effect. Return
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Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Range and Habitat in Illinois

Tall Coreopsis is occasional to fairly common in most counties of Illinois, but it is uncommon or absent in NW and SE Illinois (see Distribution Map). Habitats include moist to mesic black soil prairies, sand prairies, savannas and sandy savannas, thickets, seeps, bluffs, limestone glades, abandoned fields, and along railroads and roadsides. It responds well to fire in areas where shrubby vegetation and trees are encroaching.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Coreopsis tripteris var. tripteris :
Canada (North America)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Coreopsis tripteris var. smithii Sherff:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Coreopsis tripteris var. deamii Standl.:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Coreopsis tripteris L.:
Canada (North America)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Perennials, 90–180+ cm. Inter­nodes (± mid stem) 3–7(–10+) cm. Leaves: petioles 5–45 mm; blades usually 3-foliolate, leaflets usually simple, sometimes ± pinnately lobed, ultimate blades ± lanceolate, 4–9(–12+) cm × (9–)12–35+ mm. Peduncles 2–5+ cm. Calyculi of 5–6 oblong bractlets 1.5–5 mm. Phyllaries 8, ± oblong to lance-oblong, 6–8 mm. Ray laminae 12–22+ mm. Disc florets 40–80+; corollas red-brown to purplish, 5–6 mm. Cypselae obovate to oblong, 4–5(–6) mm. 2n = 26.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

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Type Information

Isotype for Coreopsis tripteris var. smithii Sherff
Catalog Number: US 1394897
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. Donnell Smith
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Montgomery., Alabama, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Sherff, E. E. 1929. Bot. Gaz. 88: 301.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Range and Habitat in Illinois

Tall Coreopsis is occasional to fairly common in most counties of Illinois, but it is uncommon or absent in NW and SE Illinois (see Distribution Map). Habitats include moist to mesic black soil prairies, sand prairies, savannas and sandy savannas, thickets, seeps, bluffs, limestone glades, abandoned fields, and along railroads and roadsides. It responds well to fire in areas where shrubby vegetation and trees are encroaching.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Associations

Flower-Visiting Insects of Tall Coreopsis in Illinois

Coreopsis tripteris (Tall Coreopsis)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar; flies mostly suck nectar, otherwise they feed on pollen; other insects suck nectar; most observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Petersen, Mitchell, Grundel & Pavlovic, and Krombein et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus bimaculatus (Pt), Bombus fervidus (Pt), Bombus impatiens sn, Bombus pensylvanica sn fq; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Epeolus pusillus sn, Triepeolus concavus sn, Triepeolus donatus sn, Triepeolus lunatus lunatus sn; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes agilis sn, Melissodes boltoniae (Mch), Melissodes coloradensis sn cp, Melissodes dentiventris sn, Melissodes nivea sn, Melissodes rustica sn, Melissodes trinodis sn, Svastra obliqua obliqua sn cp fq; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn, Megachile melanophaea (Pt), Megachile montivaga sn, Megachile petulans sn cp fq

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn, Halictus ligatus sn cp fq, Halictus rubicunda (Pt), Lasioglossum coreopsis sn cp, Lasioglossum coriaceus sn, Lasioglossum pectoralis sn, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn, Lasioglossum tegularis sn cp, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena accepta sn cp; Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis (Kr), Calliopsis coloradensis sn cp, Heterosarus labrosiformis labrosiformis sn, Heterosarus solidaginis sn

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bicyrtes ventralis; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Philanthus gibbosus; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi, Ammophila nigricans, Ammophila pictipennis, Ammophila procera, Eremnophila aureonotata; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Euodynerus annulatus, Stenodynerus anormis; Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta

Flies
Syrphidae: Syritta pipiens sn, Trichopsomyia apisaon fp; Bombyliidae: Lepidophora lepidocera sn, Poeciloanthrax alcyon sn, Sparnopolius confusus sn fq, Systoechus vulgaris sn; Conopidae: Zodion obliquefasciatum sn; Tachinidae: Clausicella geniculata sn, Plagiomima spinosula sn

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus, Phyciodes tharos; Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis (GP)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Polites themistocles

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus sn

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Faunal Associations

The flowers attract long-tongued bees and short-tongued bees primarily, including bumblebees, Epeoline Cuckoo bees, Miner bees, large Leaf-Cutting bees, Halictine bees, and Panurgine bees. Other insects that occasionally visit the flowers include wasps, bee flies and other flies, butterflies, skippers, and the Goldenrod Soldier Beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus). The caterpillars of some moths feed on the foliage, including Tornos scolopacinarius (Dimorphic Gray) and Enychlora acida (Wavy-Lined Emerald). Mammalian herbivores occasionally eat this plant, especially the tender growth of young plants earlier in the year.
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Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Coreopsis tripteris

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Coreopsis tripteris

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Cultivation

The preference is full or partial sun, and moist to mesic conditions. This plant isn't particular about soil type, and can be found growing in soil containing substantial amounts of loam, clay-loam, gravel, or sand. Tall Coreopsis tolerates competition from other plants and is easy to grow. In moist disturbed locations, it can become aggressive. Mature plants tolerate some drought, and foliar disease is rarely a significant problem.
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Wikipedia

Coreopsis tripteris

Coreopsis tripteris is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae. It is native to eastern North America. Its common names include tall tickseed, tall coreopsis,[1] and Atlantic coreopsis.[2]

This perennial herb usually reaches nearly a meter in height, sometimes approaching 2 meters. The leaves are mostly divided into 3 leaflets which are smooth-edged to lobed and several centimeters long. The flower heads have yellow ray florets 1 to 2 centimeters long, or longer. The center of the head has many disc florets in shades of reddish brown to purplish.[3]

This plant grows in moist habitat, such as streambanks and wet meadows. It flowers in summer.[3]

This plant is commercially available for use in cultivation as an ornamental.[4]

References[edit]

Media related to Coreopsis tripteris at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ Coreopsis tripteris. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  2. ^ Coreopsis tripteris. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  3. ^ a b Coreopsis tripteris. Flora of North America.
  4. ^ Coreopsis tripteris. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. University of Texas, Austin.


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