Articles on this page are available in 1 other language: Spanish (1) (learn more)

Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is native to Europe and found in most parts of the continent (USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program 2012).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Achillea ptarmica L.:
Canada (North America)
Greenland (North America)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Perennials, 30–60+ cm (rhizomatous). Stems 1, erect, branched distally, proximally glabrate, distally villous or tomentose. Leaves sessile; blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3–10 × 3–5 mm, (bases slightly clasping, margins usually serrulate, rarely subentire), faces glabrous or sparsely hairy on midveins adaxially. Heads 3–15+, in simple or compound, corymbiform arrays. Phyllaries 25–30+ in ± 3 series, (light green, midribs yellowish, margins light brown) lanceolate to oblanceolate, faces tomentose. Receptacles flat to slightly convex; paleae oblanceolate, 3–4 mm. Ray florets 8–10(–13), styliferous and sterile (45–70, pistillate, fertile, in horticultural doubles); corollas white, laminae suborbiculate, 4–5 × 4–5 mm (5–7 × 3.5–4.5 mm in doubles). Disc florets 45–75+ (sometimes 0 in doubles); corollas grayish white, ca. 3 mm. Cypselae 1.5–2 mm. 2n = 18.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This plant is a perennial herb found in wet and damp habitat such as fens, springs, marshes, rush-pasture, stream sides, wet heath, flushes on hill slopes and in shrubland. It has also been reported from commercially used grassland, roadsides and waste ground (Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora 2012, Klotz et al. 2002).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Associations

Foodplant / sap sucker
Brachycaudus helichrysi sucks sap of Achillea ptarmica

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / gall
larva of Campiglossa argyrocephala causes gall of capitulum of Achillea ptarmica
Other: sole host/prey

Foodplant / open feeder
larva of Cassida sanguinosa grazes on leaf of Achillea ptarmica

Foodplant / open feeder
adult of Chrysolina graminis grazes on leaf of Achillea ptarmica

Foodplant / parasite
Golovinomyces cichoracearum parasitises live Achillea ptarmica

Foodplant / miner
larva of Liriomyza ptarmicae mines leaf of Achillea ptarmica

Foodplant / miner
larva of Phytomyza corvimontana mines leaf of Achillea ptarmica
Other: sole host/prey

Foodplant / parasite
amphigenous telium of Puccinia cnici-oleracei parasitises live leaf of Achillea ptarmica
Remarks: season: 7-11
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / parasite
apothecium of Schizothyrioma aterrimum parasitises live stem of Achillea ptarmica

Foodplant / parasite
apothecium of Schizothyrioma ptarmicae parasitises live stem of Achillea ptarmica
Remarks: season: 6-9

Foodplant / miner
larva of Trypeta artemisiae mines leaf of Achillea ptarmica

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Achillea ptarmica

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Achillea ptarmica

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 8
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Bilz, M.

Reviewer/s
Schippmann, U.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is assessed as Least Concern due to its wide distribution, its ability to live in a wide variety of habitats and as no evidence for dramatic declines or major threats could be found.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
The overall population trend is unknown. Declines have been reported from the United Kingdom (Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora 2012), but it is indicated as Least Concern in many national Red Lists therefore it can be assumed that the declines are neither fast nor steep.

Population Trend
Unknown
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
The threats to this species at European level are unknown.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is listed as Near Threatened in Germany (Bundesamt für Naturschutz 2012), Hungary (Király 2007), and Switzerland (Moser et al. 2002) but classed as Least Concern on the national Red Lists of Belgium (Van Landuyt et al. 2006), Denmark (NERI 2007), Estonia (eBiodiversity Estonia 2012), Luxembourg (Colling 2005), Norway (Artsdatabanken 2010), and the United Kingdom (Cheffings and Farrell 2005).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Achillea ptarmica

Achillea ptarmica (sneezewort, sneezeweed, bastard pellitory, European pellitory, fair-maid-of-France, goose tongue, sneezewort yarrow, wild pellitory, white tansy) is a species of herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the genus Achillea. It has loose clusters of white, button-like flowers that bloom from June to August. Its dark green leaves have finely toothed margins.

The name ptarmica comes from the Greek word ptairo (=sneeze) and means 'causes sneezing'.

Like many other plants, the sneezewort's pattern of development displays the Fibonacci sequence.[1]

Uses[edit]

Leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. A. ptarmica yields an essential oil that is used in herbal medicine.[citation needed] The leaves are used as an insect repellent.[2]

The plant is poisonous to cattle, sheep, and horses. Symptoms are generally slow to develop, and include fever, rapid pulse, difficulty breathing, weight loss, drooling, spasms and loss of muscular control, and convulsions.

Cultivation[edit]

This is a hardy, drought-tolerant plant that prefers full sun and moist but well-drained soil. Propagation is by sowing seed or division in Spring.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jill Britton (7 May 2005). "Fibonacci Numbers in Nature". 
  2. ^ "Achillea ptarmica". 2005. 


Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Notes

Comments

Achillea ptarmica is naturalized from Eurasia. "Double-flowered" plants originated as cultivars; apparently, they persist outside of cultivation.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!