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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Perennial herb. Leaves deeply and irregularly lobed and concentrated around the lower part of the plant. The long slender stems have a terminal head of small flowers, surrounded by bristly bracts. The flowers are mostly pure white but occasional pink or lilac forms occur.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Derivation of specific name

columbaria: dove-like or dove-coloured.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

Worldwide distribution

From South Africa to Ethiopia, Near-East, North Africa and Europe.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Ecology

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / parasite
colony of sporangium of Peronospora violacea parasitises live petal of Scabiosa columbaria cv. 'Butterfly Blue'

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In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / pathogen
immersed sorus of Bauhinus intermedius infects and damages live anther of Scabiosa columbaria
Remarks: season: 8

Plant / resting place / within
puparium of Chromatomyia scabiosae may be found in leaf-mine of Scabiosa columbaria
Other: sole host/prey

Foodplant / parasite
Erysiphe knautiae parasitises live Scabiosa columbaria

Foodplant / saprobe
subepidermal pseudothecium of Nodulosphaeria modesta is saprobic on dead stem of Scabiosa columbaria
Remarks: season: 5-9
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / parasite
colony of sporangium of Peronospora violacea parasitises live petal of Scabiosa columbaria

Foodplant / spot causer
hypophyllous colony of Ramularia hyphomycetous anamorph of Ramularia bosniaca causes spots on live leaf of Scabiosa columbaria

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Population Biology

Frequency

Common
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Scabiosa columbaria

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Scabiosa columbaria

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 16
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Source: NatureServe

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