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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description of Ciliophora

The ciliates. One of the most familiar groups of protozoa, distinguished by usually having many cilia lying in rows on the body and used for movement, sometimes with more cilia around the mouth and used for feeding. Typically between 10 and 500 microns in length. One of the characteristics that is very unusual is that ciliates have two kinds of nuclei - diploid micronuclei and selectively polyplopid macronuclei within each cell.
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David

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Description of Ciliophora

The least inclusive crown clade containing dimorphic nuclei homologous with Tetrahymena thermophila nuclei.
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Micah Dunthorn

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Description of Ciliophora

Alveolates with nuclear dimorphism - co-existence of a selectively polyploid macronucleus and diploid micronucleus, flagella = cilia numerous at some stage, somatic cilia in rows (kineties), and the bases of the cilia giving rise to elements of the cortical cytoskeleton; cortex perforated by mouth or mouths, cytopyge (= cell anus), opening of contractile vacuoles, and egress points for ejectisomes. Common, widespread in most aquatic habitats. Many descriptive terms relate to the pattern of oral or somatic cilia as revealed by silver staining.
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biopedia

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Ecology

Associations

Known predators

ciliates (nematodes, ciliates) is prey of:
meroplankton
Appendicularia
Doliolidae
Calanoida
Euphausiidae
Cyclopoidea
Cnidaria
Tomopteridae

Based on studies in:
Pacific (Marine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • M. E. Vinogradov and E. A. Shushkina, Some development patterns of plankton communities in the upwelling areas of the Pacific Ocean. Mar. Biol. 48:357-366, from p. 359 (1978).
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Known prey organisms

ciliates (nematodes, ciliates) preys on:
phytoplankton
bacteria
zooflagellates

Based on studies in:
Pacific (Marine)
Scotland (Lake or pond)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • M. E. Vinogradov and E. A. Shushkina, Some development patterns of plankton communities in the upwelling areas of the Pacific Ocean. Mar. Biol. 48:357-366, from p. 359 (1978).
  • N. C. Morgan and D. S. McLusky, A summary of the Loch Leven IBP results in relation to lake management and future research, Proc. R. Soc. Edinburgh Series B 74:407-416, from p. 408 (1972).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:560Public Records:376
Specimens with Sequences:401Public Species:80
Specimens with Barcodes:381Public BINs:69
Species:90         
Species With Barcodes:80         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Ciliophora

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