The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Gunther, Albert C. L. G. 1880. Introduction to the Study of Fishes. Edinburgh, Scotland : Adam and Charles Black; Fig. 141
- J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560