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BiologyE. sanguinea breeds in early summer and has planktonic larvae. In the estuarine Delta area juvenile benthic stages are mainly observed in June-July. E. sanguinea is a predatory carnivore and is itself eaten by fish. The species has been observed to live as a commensal of the tubicolous polychaete Lanice conchilega (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973).