Overview

Distribution

Virginian, southside of Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 95 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 25 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 402
  Temperature range (°C): 15.723 - 24.978
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.366 - 14.219
  Salinity (PPS): 36.053 - 36.465
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.666 - 4.895
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.070 - 0.808
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.232 - 6.191

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 402

Temperature range (°C): 15.723 - 24.978

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.366 - 14.219

Salinity (PPS): 36.053 - 36.465

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.666 - 4.895

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.070 - 0.808

Silicate (umol/l): 1.232 - 6.191
 
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Wikipedia

Vermicularia spirata

Vermicularia spirata, common name the West Indian worm-shell, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Turritellidae.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Description[edit]

The maximum recorded shell length is 90 mm.[2]

Habitat[edit]

The minimum recorded depth for this species is 3 m; the maximum recorded depth is 80 m.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vermicularia spirata (Philippi, 1836).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 17 May 2010.
  2. ^ a b Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
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