The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • Blanchard, Frieda Cobb. 1935. Tuatara. National Geographic 67(5):649-662.
  • Buller, W. 1871. A list of the lizards inhabiting New Zealand, with descriptions. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 3 [1870]:4-11.
  • Castanet (1994) Age estimation and longevity in reptiles. Gerontology, 40:174-192.
  • Cree, A.;Thompson, M.B.;Daugherty, C.H. 1995. Tuatara sex determination. Nature 375 (6532): 543.
  • Cree, Alison; Daugherty, Charles H.; Towns, David R.; Blanchard, Barbara. 1994. The contribution of captive management to the conservation of tuatara (Sphenodon) in New Zealand. Captive Management and Conservation of Amphibians and Reptiles 11: 377-385.
  • Daugherty, C. H.; A. Cree, J. M. Hay & M. B. Thompson. 1990. Neglected taxonomy and continuing extinctions of tuatara (Sphenodon). Nature 347: 177-179.
  • Evans ,SE; Jones MEH. 2010. The Origin, early history and diversification of lepidosauromorph reptiles. In: Bandyopadhyay S. (ed.), New Aspects of Mesozoic Biodiversity, 27. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 132, 27-44; DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-10311-7_2 .
  • Evans, SE. 2008. The skull of lizards and tuatara. In Biology of the Reptilia, Vol.20, Morphology H: the skull of Lepidosauria, Gans C, Gaunt A S, Adler K. (eds). Ithica, New York, Society for the study of Amphibians and Reptiles, pp1–344.
  • Frank & Kate's Web Page (Online source)   http://www.pondturtle.com/ External link.
  • Gray, J. E. 1869. Sphenodon, Hatteria, and Rhynchocephalus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 3: 167-168.
  • Gray, J.E. 1831. Note on a peculiar structure in the Head of an Agama. Zool. Misc. 1: 13.
  • Gray, J.E. 1842. Description of two hitherto unrecorded species of reptiles from New Zealand; presented to the British Museum by Dr. Dieffenbach. In: J.E. Gray, The Zoological Miscellany. Part 2., pp. 57-72. Treuttel, Würtz & Co., London.
  • Gray, J.E. 1842. Description of two hitherto unrecorded species of reptiles from New Zealand; presented to the British Museum by Dr. Dieffenbach. The Zoological Miscellany. Part 2: 72.Treuttel, Würtz & Co., London.
  • Günther, A. 1867. Contribution to the anatomy of Hatteria (Rhynchocephalus, Owen). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 20: 128-129.
  • Hall, Margaret I. 2008. Comparative analysis of the size and shape of the lizard eye [corneal diameters and axial lengths of 116 lizard species]. Zoology 111 (1): 62-75.
  • Hay, J.M.; Charles H. Daugherty, Alison Cree and Linda R. Maxson. 2003. Low genetic divergence obscures phylogeny among populations of Sphenodon, remnant of an ancient reptile lineage. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (1): 1-19.
  • Hay, J.M.; Sarre, S.D.; Daugherty, C.H. 2004. Nuclear mitochondrial pseudogenes as molecular outgroups for phylogenetically isolated taxa: a case study in Sphenodon. Heredity 93(5):468-475.
  • Hay, Jennifer M.; Sankar Subramanian, Craig D. Millar, Elmira Mohandesan and David M. Lambert. 2008. Rapid molecular evolution in a living fossil. Trends in Genetics 24 (3): 106-109.
  • Herrel, A.; Moore, J.A.; Bredeweg, E.M. & Nelson, N.J. 2010. Sexual dimorphism, body size, bite force and male mating success in tuatara. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 287–292.
  • Jamieson, B.G.M., and J.M. Healy. 1992. The phylogenetic position of the tuatara, Sphenodon (Sphenodontidae: Amniota), as indicated by cladistic analysis of the ultrastructure of spermatozoa. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B. Biological Sciences 335(1274):207-219.
  • Jones, MEH. 2009. Dentary tooth shape in Sphenodon and its fossil relatives (Diapsida: Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia). In Koppe T, Meyer G, Alt KW, eds. Interdisciplinary Dental Morphology. Frontiers of Oral Biology (vol 13). Griefswald, Germany; Karger, pp. 9–15.
  • Jones, MEH; Curtis N, O'Higgins P, Fagan M, Evans SE. 2009. Head and neck muscles associated with feeding in Sphenodon (Reptilia: Lepidsauria: Rhynchocephalia). Palaeontologia Electronica 12 (2, 7A): 1–56.
  • Jones, MEH; Lappin AK. 2009. Bite-force performance of the last rhynchocephalian (Lepidosauria: Sphenodon). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 39(3): 71–83.
  • Jones, MEH; Tennyson AJD, Worthy JP, Evans SE, Worthy TH. 2009. A sphenodontine (Rhynchocephalia) from the Miocene of New Zealand and palaeobiogeography of the tuatara (Sphenodon). Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276: 1385–1390; DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1785.
  • Jones, Marc E. H. 2008. Skull Shape and Feeding Strategy in Sphenodon and Other Rhynchocephalia (Diapsida: Lepidosauria). JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 269:945–966.
  • Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. The Zoogeography of Turtles, Crocodiles and Tuataras. The Tewksbury Institute of Herpetology.
  • Kieser, JA, Tkatchenko T, Dean MC, Jones MEH, Duncan W, Nelson NJ. 2009. Microstructure of dental hard tissue and bone in the tuatara dentary, Sphenodon punctatus (Diapsida: Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia). In Koppe T, Meyer G, Alt KW, eds. Interdisciplinary Dental Morphology. Frontiers of Oral Biology (vol 13). Griefswald, Germany; Karger, pp. 80-85.
  • Lutz, D. 2006. Tuatara, a living fossil from before dinosaurs. DIMI Press, Salem, Oregon, 108 pp.
  • Miller, Hilary C.; Jennifer A. Moore, Fred W. Allendorf, Charles H. Daugherty. 2009. The evolutionary rate of tuatara revisited . Trends in Genetics 25 (1): 13-15 .
  • Miller,Hilary C.; Katherine Belov, and Charles H. Daugherty. 2006. MHC Class I Genes in the Tuatara (Sphenodon spp.): Evolution of the MHC in an Ancient Reptilian Order. Mol Biol Evol 23: 949-956.
  • Mitchell, Nicola J; Nicola J Nelson; Alison Cree; Shirley Pledger; Susan N Keall and Charles H Daugherty. 2006. Support for a rare pattern of temperature-dependent sex determination in archaic reptiles: evidence from two species of tuatara (Sphenodon). Frontiers in Zoology 2006, 3:9.
  • Moore, J.A.; Miller, H.C.; Daughterty, C.H. & Nelson, N.J. 2008. Fine-scale genetic structure of a long-lived reptile reflects recent habitat modification. Molecular Ecology 17: 4630–4641.
  • Moore, Jennifer A. and Stephanie S. Godfrey. 2006. Sphenodon punctatus Opportunistic predation. Herpetological Review 37 (1): 81-82.
  • Moore, Jennifer A.; Nicola J. Nelson;  Susan N. Keal; Charles H. Daugherty. 2008. Implications of social dominance and multiple paternity for the genetic diversity of a captive-bred reptile population (tuatara). Conserv Genet 9:1243–1251.
  • Murphy, R. W.;Matson, R. H. 1986. Evolution of isozyme characters in the tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 13: 573-581.
  • Nelson, Nicola J.; Jennifer A. Moore, Sushila Pillai, and Susan N. Keall. 2010. Thermosensitive period for sex determination in the Tuatara. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2).
  • Newman, D.G., ed. 1982. New Zealand herpetology; proceedings of a symposium. New Zealand Wildl. Serv., Dept. of Internal Affairs, Wellington, Occas. Publ. no. 2, 495 pp.
  • Newman, Don. 1987. "Tuatara." Endangered New Zealand Wildlife Series. John McIndoe, Limited. Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Norris, T.B.; Rickards, G.K.; Daugherty, C.H. 2004. Chromosomes of tuatara, Sphenodon, a chromosome heteromorphism and an archaic reptilian karyotype. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 105: 93-99.
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  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig. 1870. Ein Exemplar von Sphenodon punctatus Gray. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1870 (October): 54.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig. 1874. Über die Gehörknöchelchen und ihr Verhältniss zu dem ersten Zungenbeinbogen bei Sphenodon punctatus. Monatsberichte der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1874 (Januar): 40-45.
  • Peterson, Jane A. 1984. The scale microarchitecture of Sphenodon punctatus. Journal of Herpetology 18 (1): 40-47.
  • Pianka, Eric R. and Laurie J. Vitt. "Evolutionary History and Phylogeny." Chapter 1. Lizards: Windows to the Evolution and Diversity. Ed. Harry W. Greene. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2003: 11-18.
  • Pough, Harvey F., Robin M. Andrews, John E. Cadle, Martha L. Crump, Alan H. Savitzky, and Kentwood D. Wells. Herpetology. 3rd Ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc. 2004.
  • Quinn, T. W.;Mindell, D. P. 1996. Mitochondrial gene order adjacent to the control region in crocodile, turtle, and tuatara. Mol Phylogenet Evol 5 (2): 344-51.
  • Rest, Joshua S.; Jennifer C. Ast; Christopher C. Austin; Peter J. Waddell; Elizabeth A. Tibbetts; Jennifer M. Hay and David P. Mindell. 2003. Molecular systematics of primary reptilian lineages and the tuatara mitochondrial genome. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29: 289–297.
  • Rieppel, O. 1992. The skull in a hatchling of Sphenodon punctatus. Journal of Herpetology 26 (1): 80-84.
  • Robb, J. 1977. The Tuatara. Meadowfield Press, Limited. Durham, England.
  • Robb,J. 1977. The Tuatara. Meadowfield Press, Durham (England).
  • Robb,J. 1980. New Zealand Amphibians and Reptiles in Colour. Collins, Auckland, 128 pp.
  • Schaerlaeken, Vicky; Herrel, A.; Aerts, P. & Ross, C.F. 2008. The functional significance of the lower temporal bar in Sphenodon punctatus. The Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 3908-3914 .
  • Schultze, F.E. 1886. Vorzeigung eines lebenden Exemplares der neuseeländischen Hatteria punctata GRAY. S. Ber. Ges. naturf. Freunde Berlin 1886: 125.
  • Seligmann, Hervé; J. Moravec and Yehudah L. Werner. 2008. Morphological, functional and evolutionary aspects of tail autotomy and regeneration in the ‘living fossil’ Sphenodon (Reptilia: Rhynchocephalia). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 93: 721–743.
  • Siebenrock,F. 1894. A contribution to the osteology of the head of Hatteria. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6)13: 297-311.
  • Subramanian, Sankar; Jennifer M. Hay, Elmira Mohandesan, Craig D. Millar, David M. Lambert. 2009. Molecular and morphological evolution in tuatara are decoupled. Trends in Genetics 25 (1): 16-18.
  • Tracy, M. R. 1997. Size variation in tuatara (Sphenodon). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 24:330.
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Valenzuela, Nicole and Valentine Lance (eds.). 2004. Temperature-dependent Sex Determination in Vertebrates. Smithsonian Books, 304 pp.
  • Van Den Bussche, Ronald A.; Longmire, Johnathan L.; Janecek, Laura L.; Baker, Robert J. 1998. Organization of repetitive DNA in the primitive reptile Sphenodon punctatus. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University, No. 178. Lubbock, Texas.
  • WANG, ZHENSHAN; TSUTOMU MIYAKE, SCOTT V. EDWARDS, AND CHRIS T. AMEMIYA . 2006. Tuatara (Sphenodon) Genomics: BAC Library Construction, Sequence Survey, and Application to the DMRT Gene Family. Journal of Heredity 2006:97(6):541–548 .
  • Wettstein, O. von. 1943. Sphenodon punctatus reischeki nov. subsp. Zool. Anz. Leipzig 143: 45 - 47.
  • Whiteside, DI. 1986. The head skeleton of the Rhaetian sphenodontid Diphydontosaurus avonis gen. et sp. nov., and the modernising of a living fossil. Phil Trans R Soc London B312: 379–430.
  • Wright, Kevin DVM. 1994. "Tuataras." Vol.2, No.1. Reptiles magazine. Fancy Publications. Irvine, California.
  • Wright, Kevin. 1994. Tuataras: Holdouts in a modern world. Reptiles 2 (1): 16-22.

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