You are viewing this Taxon as classified by:

The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (November, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 2. Groombridge, B. (1982) The IUCN Amphibia-Reptilia Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 3. CITES (November, 2003) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. New Zealand Ecology (November, 2003) External link.
  • 5. Hallidy, T. and Adler, K. (2002) The New Encyclopaedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 6. Pough, F.H., Andrews, R.M., Cadle, J.E., Crump, M.L., Savitzky, A.H. and Wells, K.D. (2000) Herpetology. Benjamin Cummings, U.K.
  • 7. Crook, I.G. (1973) The Tuatara on islands with and without populations of the Polynesian rat, Rattus exulens. Proceedings of the New Zealand Ecological Society, 10: 115 - 120.
  • 8. Gaze P. (2001) Tuatara recovery plan 2001-2011, Threatened Species Recovery Plan No. 47. Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand. Available at External link.
  • 9. Griggs, K. (2002) New Zealand Reptile in Climate Peril. BBC News, Online. Available at External link.
  • Aitken N, Jennifer M. Hay, Stephen D. Sarre, David M. Lambert & Charles H. Daugherty. 2001. Microsatellite DNA markers for tuatara (Sphenodon spp.). Conservation Genetics 2: 183–185.
  • Anonymous. 1996. New hope for New Zealand's rare reptile. National Geographic 189(6):unnumbered.
  • Buller, W.L. 1879. Further notes on the habits of the tuatara lizard. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 11: 349-351.
  • Buller,W.L. 1877. Notes on the tuatara lizard (Sphenodon punctatum), with a description of a supposed new species. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 9: 317-325
  • Buller,W.L. 1877. Notes on the tuatara lizard (Sphenodon punctatum), with a description of a supposed new species. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 9: 317-325.
  • Daugherty,C.H. et al. 1990. Neglected taxonomy and continuing extinctions of tuatara (Sphenodon). Nature 347: 177-179.
  • Freeman, A.B., and A.N.D. Freeman. 1995. Rediscovery of an original type specimen of Sphenodon guntheri Buller in the Canterbury Museum, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 22: 357-359.
  • Janes, D.E.; C.L. Organ & S.V. Edwards. 2009. Variability in Sex-Determining Mechanisms Influences Genome Complexity in Reptilia. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 242-248.
  • Jones, Marc E. H. 2008. Skull Shape and Feeding Strategy in Sphenodon and Other Rhynchocephalia (Diapsida: Lepidosauria). JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 269:945–966.
  • Lutz, D. 2006. Tuatara, a living fossil from before dinosaurs. DIMI Press, Salem, Oregon, 108 pp.
  • Mitchell, Nicola J; Nicola J Nelson; Alison Cree; Shirley Pledger; Susan N Keall and Charles H Daugherty. 2006. Support for a rare pattern of temperature-dependent sex determination in archaic reptiles: evidence from two species of tuatara (Sphenodon). Frontiers in Zoology 2006, 3:9.
  • Seligmann, Hervé; J. Moravec and Yehudah L. Werner. 2008. Morphological, functional and evolutionary aspects of tail autotomy and regeneration in the ‘living fossil’ Sphenodon (Reptilia: Rhynchocephalia). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 93: 721–743.
  • Sharell, R. 1966. The tuatara, lizards and frogs of New Zealand. Collins, London 94 pp [reprint with addenda 1975].
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!