Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 53 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 48 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 25000
  Temperature range (°C): 4.292 - 27.537
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.446 - 18.521
  Salinity (PPS): 34.880 - 39.024
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.613 - 6.847
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.107 - 1.138
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.993 - 13.284

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 25000

Temperature range (°C): 4.292 - 27.537

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.446 - 18.521

Salinity (PPS): 34.880 - 39.024

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.613 - 6.847

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.107 - 1.138

Silicate (umol/l): 0.993 - 13.284
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Hermodice carunculata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

GGACTTCTAGGAACATCCATG---AGAATTCTAATTCGTACCGAACTCGGACAACCAGGAACATTCCTAGGAAGA---GACCAACTCTATAACACAATTGTAACAGCCCATGCCTTCCTAATAATTTTCTTTCTAGTAATACCAATAATGATTGGAGGGTTTGGAAACTGACTTGTTCCCCTAATA---CTCGGAGCGCCAGACATGGCATTTCCTCGCCTAAATAACATAAGGTTTTGACTACTGCCTCCCTCCCTCACACTGTTAGTTTTTTCAGCCGCAGTGGAAAAAGGAGCCGGCACGGGATGAACAGTATACCCCCCACTATCAAGAAATCTCGCCCATGCCGGGCCGTCAGTAGATCTG---GCAATTTTTTCTCTCCACCTAGCAGGTGTTTCATCCATTTTAGCATCCTTAAACTTCATTACGACAACAATCAATATACGATCTAAGGGCATACGAATAGAACGAGTTCCCCTATTTGTATGATCTGTTATAATTACAGCTATCCTTCTTCTTCTTTCCCTGCCGGTTTTAGCAGGT---GCCATCACCATATTACTGACTGACCGTAACCTAAACACCGCATTCTTTGATCCGGCAGGGGGAGGG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hermodice carunculata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 18
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Bearded fireworm

The bearded fireworm, Hermodice carunculata, is a type of marine bristleworm.

Contents

Appearance

Bearded fireworms are usually between 5–10 centimetres (1.9–3.9 in) in length, but can reach up to 35 centimetres (13.8 in). They are endowed with a group of poisonous white bristles on each side, which are flared out when the worm is disturbed.

Habitat

The bearded fireworm is usually found on reefs, under stones in rocky areas of the sea, and on some mud bottoms. It is encountered throughout the tropical western Atlantic and at Ascension Island in mid-Atlantic. It can be found near ocean reefs and at depths of up to 150m. These worms are also common in the mediterranean sea, in the coastal waters surrounding Cyprus and the Maltese archipelago.

A fireworm from the Mediterranean.

Disposition and defences

The bearded fireworm is a slow creature, and is not considered a threat to humans unless touched by a careless swimmer. The bristles, when flared, can penetrate human skin, injecting a powerful neurotoxin and producing intense irritation and a painful burning sensation around the area of contact. The sting can also lead to nausea and dizziness. This sensation lasts up to a few hours, but a painful tingling can continue to be felt around the area of contact. In a case of accidental contact, application and removal of adhesive tape will help remove the spines; applying alcohol to the area will also help alleviate the pain.

References

  • Greenberg, Idaz (1986). Guide to Corals & Fishes of Florida, the Bahamas and the Caribbean. Seahawk Press. p. 61. ISBN 0-913008-08-7. 
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Source: Wikipedia

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