Overview

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico, including Cobscook Bay
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 756 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 587 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 267
  Temperature range (°C): -0.814 - 24.323
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.757 - 18.777
  Salinity (PPS): 31.982 - 36.290
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.475 - 7.362
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.118 - 1.335
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.285 - 15.041

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 267

Temperature range (°C): -0.814 - 24.323

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.757 - 18.777

Salinity (PPS): 31.982 - 36.290

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.475 - 7.362

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.118 - 1.335

Silicate (umol/l): 1.285 - 15.041
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

Known predators

Phyllodoce mucosa is prey of:
Platichthys flesus

Based on studies in:
Scotland (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • Hall SJ, Raffaelli D (1991) Food-web patterns: lessons from a species-rich web. J Anim Ecol 60:823–842
  • Huxham M, Beany S, Raffaelli D (1996) Do parasites reduce the chances of triangulation in a real food web? Oikos 76:284–300
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Known prey organisms

Phyllodoce mucosa preys on:
Pygospio elegans
POM

Based on studies in:
Scotland (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • Hall SJ, Raffaelli D (1991) Food-web patterns: lessons from a species-rich web. J Anim Ecol 60:823–842
  • Huxham M, Beany S, Raffaelli D (1996) Do parasites reduce the chances of triangulation in a real food web? Oikos 76:284–300
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Mucus enhances mobility: polychaete worm
 

Polychaete worms travel quickly on trails of mucus.

           
  "Phyllodoce mucosa is attracted in large numbers by dead mollusks, crabs or worms on the sediment surface. Within 10 s worms emerged to the surface, crawled as far as 15 m on mucus trails towards the carcass, sucked in tissue up to one-third of their own weight, and then quickly retreated to below the surface

"P. mucosa massively secretes mucus when crawling, and conspecifics tend to follow existing trails, sometimes forming 'roads' with several parallel trails directed towards a carcass. No interference between worms aggregating at a common food source was observed

"Presumably, P. mucosa gets some protection from the mucus it produces in masses

"High crawling speed, mucus trailing (as a mutual benefit to conspecifics leading to the food source) and the ability to locate a carcass from a distance, all may contribute to the success of P. mucosa as a carrion-feeder." (Lee et al. 2004:575-582)
  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
  • Lee CG; Huettel M; Hong JS; Reise K. 2004. Carrion-feeding on the sediment surface at nocturnal low tides by the polychaete Phyllodoce mucosa. Marine Biology. 145(3): 575-583.
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© The Biomimicry Institute

Source: AskNature

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Phyllodoce mucosa

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 6 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

GGTACTTTATATATAATTTTTGGTATTTGATCTGGACTTCTTGGAACGTCTATAAGAATATTAATTCGTGCTGAGTTAGGGCAGCCAGGTTCTTTGTTAGGGAGTGATCAATTATATAATACAATTGTTACTGCACATGCTTTTTTAATAATTTTCTTTTTAGTTATACCAGTAATGATTGGTGGATTTGGTAATTGATTAGTTCCTTTAATGCTTGGGGCTCCTGATATAGCTTTTCCACGATTAAATAATATGAGGTTTTGGTTATTACCTCCCTCTCTTATTATATTATTAGGATCCGCGGCAGTTGAACAGGGTGCTGGAACAGGGTGGACAGTTTATCCTCCCTTGTCTAGGAATGTTGCTCACTCAGGACCATCTGTAGATTTAGCAATTTTTTCTTTACATCTAGCTGGGGTATCTTCCATTCTTGCCTCAATTAATTTTATTACTACAGCAATAAACATACGATCTAGAGGTTTACGGCTGGAACGGGTACCATTATTTGTTTGGTCTGTTGCTATTACTGCTTTACTTCTTTTATTGTCTTTGCCTGTATTAGCGGGGGCAATTACAATATTATTAACTGATCGGAATTTAAATACGTCTTTTTTTGATCCTGCTGGAGGTGGTGATCCTATTTTATATCAACATCTTTTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Phyllodoce mucosa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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