The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Anonymous. 2007. Snakes of New Jersey. New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife.
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Bauman, M., D. Metter. 1977. Reproductive cycle of the northern water snake, Nerodia sipedon (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology, 11(1): 51-59.
  • Behler, J., F. King. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York: Alfred A. Knoph, Inc..
  • Blaney, R. M. ;Blaney, P. K. 1979. . Herpetologica 35: 350-359.
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from southern Missouri. American Midland Naturalist 14 (2): 170-173.
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A contribution to the herpetology of Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist 14 (6): 669-679.
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336.
  • Cecala, Kristen; Price, Steven; Dorcas, Michael. 2010. Ecology of juvenile Northern watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon) inhabiting low-order streams . Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 169-174.
  • Clay, William M. 1938. A synopsis of the North American Water Snakes of the genus Natrix. Copeia 1938 (4): 173-182.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2010. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 3rd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Conant, Roger. 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200.
  • Conant, Roger. 1963. Evidence for the Specific status of the water snake Natrix fasciata. American Museum Novitates (2122): 1-38.
  • Conant, Roger;Clay, William M. 1963. A reassessment of the taxonomic status of the Lake Erie Water Snake. Herpetologica 19 (3): 179-184.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Conant,R. and Clay. 1937. A new subspecies of water snake from Islands in Lake Erie. Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, No. 346: 1-9.
  • Conant,R. and Lazell,J.D. 1973. The Carolina salt marsh snake: a distinct form of Natrix sipedon. Brevoria, Mus. Comp. Zool. ( Harvard), No. 400, p. 3.
  • Cope, E.D. 1892. A critical review of the characters and variations of the snakes of North America. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14: 589-694.
  • Dunn, E.R. 1915. The variations of a brood of watersnakes. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 28: 61-68.
  • Edmond, Brian S. 1993. Nerodia sipedon sipedon (Northern Water Snake). USA: Missouri. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 68.
  • Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Fältbiologerna Umea.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Frank & Kate's Web Page (Online source)   http://www.pondturtle.com/ External link.
  • Froom, B. 1972. The snakes of Canada. McClelland & Stewart, Toronto & Montreal 128 pp.
  • Gibbs, H.L. & Weatherhead, P.J. 2001. Insights into population ecology and sexual selection in snakes through the application of DNA-based genetic markers. Journal of Heredity 92 (2): 173-179.
  • Gordon, Robert E. 1952. A range extension for the watersnake, Natrix sipedon pleuralis Cope. Copeia 1952 (2): 116-117.
  • Grant, Chapman. 1937. Herpetological notes from Central Kansas. American Midland Naturalist 18 (3): 370-372.
  • Gregory, P.T. 2004. Analysis of patterns of aggregation under cover objects in an assemblage of six species of snakes. Herpetologica 60 (2): 178-186.
  • Harding, J. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Great Lakes Region. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The University of Michigan Press.
  • Heilprin, A. & Young, H.C. 1887. Ovo-viviparous generation in Tropidonotus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 320.
  • Himes, John G. 2002. The role of the midland water snake, Nerodia sipedon (Serpentes: Colubridae), as a predator: foraging behavior, kin recognition, and the response of prey. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (3): 333-342.
  • Holbrook, John E. 1840. North American Herpetology, Vol. 4 (1st ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 126 pp.
  • Holland, Richard L.;Chiszar, David;Ristau, Carolyn;Smith, Hobart M. 1994. Nerodia sipedon sipedon (northern water snake). USA: Colorado. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 168.
  • Holotype: Baird, S. F. & Girard, C. 1853. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 2 (5): 41.
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Jordan, D. 1929. Manual of the Vertebrate Animals. New York: World Book Company.
  • King, R. B. 1987. Color pattern polymorphism in the Lake Erie water snake, Nerodia sipedon insularum. Evolution 41 (2): 241-255.
  • King, R.B. 1993. Color Pattern Variation in Lake Erie Water Snakes - Inheritance. Can J Zool 71 (10): 1985-1990.
  • King, Richard B. 1993. Color-pattern variation in Lake Erie water snakes: Prediction and measurement of natural selection. Evolution 47 (6): 1819-1833.
  • King, Richard B.; Oldham, Michael J.; Weller, Wayne F.; Wynn, Douglas. 1997. Historic and current amphibian and reptile distributions in the Island Region of Western Lake Erie. American Midland Naturalist 138(1):153-173.
  • Lawson, R. 1987. Molecular studies of Thamnophiine snakes: 1. The phylogeny of the genus Nerodia. Journal of Herpetology 21 (2): 140-157.
  • LeClere, Jeff. 1995. Snakes of Minnesota: Northern watersnake (Nerodia sipedon sipedon). Newsletter of the Minnesota Herpetological Society 15 (2): 12-15.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp.
  • Lovich, J.E. & Jaworski, T.R. 1988. Annotated checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles reported from Cedar Bog, Ohio. Ohio J. Sci. 88 (4): 139-143.
  • Mebert, K. 2008. Good species despite massive hybridization: genetic research on the contact zone between the watersnakes Nerodia sipedon and N. fasciata in the Carolinas, USA. Molecular Ecology 17: 1918–1929.
  • Mullin, Stephen J.;Eubanks, James T. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Nerodia sipedon pleuralis. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 159.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Nielsen, A. 2011. "Water Snake" (On-line). Accessed December 30, 2011 at http://www.watersnake.net/.
  • Pattishall, Abigail and David Cundall. 2008. Dynamic changes in body form during swimming in the water snake Nerodia sipedon. Zoology 111 (1): 48-61.
  • Pattishall, Abigail and David Cundall. 2008. Spatial Biology of Northern Watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon) Living along an Urban Stream. Copeia 2008 (4): 752-762.
  • Pattishall, Abigail and David Cundall. 2009. Habitat use by synurbic watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon). Herpetologica 65 (2): 183-198.
  • Pyron, R.Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink. 2009. Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae) . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 524-529.
  • Schwaner, Terry D. & Mount, Robert H. 1976. Systematic and ecological relationships of the water snakes Natrix sipedon and N. fasciata in Alabama and the Florida Panhandle. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas (45): 1-44.
  • Smith, Hobart M.; Hammerson, Geoffrey A.; Chiszar, David; Ramotnik, Cindy. 1993. Nerodia sipedon sipedon (Northern water snake). USA: Colorado. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 156.
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
  • Taylor, Steven J.;Krejca, Jean K.;Churchwell, Beth. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Nerodia sipedon pleuralis. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 115.
  • Tyning, T. 1990. Stokes Nature Guides: A guide to Amphibians and Reptiles. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Uetz, P. (2014). Nerodia sipedon (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Uetz, P. (ed.) (2014) The Reptile Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=344095
  • Voris, H.K., D.R. Karns, K.A. Feldheim, B. Kechavarzi, and M. Rinehart. 2008. Multiple paternity in the oriental-australian rear-fanged watersnakes (Homalopsidae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 3: 88-102.
  • Wilgers, D.J.; Horne, E.A.; Sandercock, B.K. & Volkmann, A.W. 2006. Effects of rangeland management on community dynamics of the herpetofauna of the Tall-grass Prairie [Flint Hills, Kansas/Oklahoma]. Herpetologica 62 (4): 378-388.
  • Young, H.C. 1887. Ovo-viviparous generation in Tropidonotus. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. (ser. 3) 39: 121.

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