IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

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Kharin and Czeblukov (2006) recognized three species of Laticauda: L. laticaudata, L. colubrina (treated as four distinct species by Heatwole et al. 2005), and L. crockeri (Kharin and Czeblukov include L. semifasciata and L. schistorhynchus in a distinct genus, Pseudolaticauda, a treatment that remains controversial). These snakes are dangerously venomous. Kharin and Czeblukov give the distribution of L. laticaudata as including the  Bay of Bengal, East India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Andaman Islands, Thailand, the coast of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Indonesia, the coasts of China and Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, Polynesia, Melanesia, the  Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, and the  Fiji Islands. According to Leviton et al. 2003, around Myanmar, L. laticaudata  is known from Rakhine State and is possibly not uncommon along the Myanmar coast and the west coast of the Malaysian peninsula (Leviton et al. also note that this species occurs from western Indonesia [Sumatra and Java] to Australia, Melanesia, and Polynesia and north along the coast of Asia to southern Japan). These snakes have been found near the mouth of a small freshwater stream along the Rakhine coast; the coast in this area has much exposed coral reef and mangrove forest. In Taiwan, these snakes are reportedly often found near fresh water. They are active both day and night.  (Leviton et al. 2003 and references therein)


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