The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Daget, J., J. -P. Gosse, and D. F. E. Thys van den Audenaerde, eds. 1984. Check-List of Freshwater Fishes of Africa. vol. 1. 410
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
  • Harder, W. (2000). The Mormyridae and other Osteoglossomorpha (CD-ROM). World Biodiversity Database, CD-ROM Series. 2000, New York: Springer Verlag, ETI-UNESCO.
  • Steindachner, F. (1866). Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (IX.). Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. 16, 761-796, Pls. 13-18.
  • Verh. Zool. -bot. Ges. Wien, 16, 765.


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