The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Blainville, H. D. 1823. Memoire sur les especes du genre Calmar (Loligo, Lamarck). Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle, 96. 116-135
  • Bouchet P., Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2015). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Gilbert, D., W. Adelman, J. Arnold. 1990. Squid as Experimental Animals. New York and London: Plenum Press.
  • Hanlon, R., J. Messenger. 1996. Cephalopod Behaviour. New York: Cambridge University.
  • Judkins, H. L., M. Vecchione, and C. F. E. Roper. 2009. Cephalopoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico,
  • Moynihan, M., A. Rodaniche. 1982. The Behavior and Natural History of the Caribbean Reef Squid. Berlin and Hamburg: Verlag Paul Parey.
  • New, T. 1995. An Introduction to Invertebrate Conservation Biology. Oxford: Oxford University.
  • Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds. 1998. Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 561-599
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!