Physical Description

Type Information

Syntype for Felimare bayeri Marcus & Marcus, 1967
Catalog Number: USNM 576271
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Slide; Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): F. Bayer
Locality: S side of Rickenbacker causeway, Florida, United States, Biscayne Bay, North Atlantic Ocean
  • Syntype: American Opisthobranch Mollusks. pg. 62, fig. 76-79.
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Syntype for Felimare bayeri Marcus & Marcus, 1967
Catalog Number: USNM 576270
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): F. Bayer
Year Collected: 1962
Locality: Virginia Key, off Sewage Beach, Florida, United States, North Atlantic Ocean
  • Syntype: American Opisthobranch Mollusks. p. 62, fig. 76-79; pl. 1, fig. 2.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Wikipedia

Felimare bayeri

Felimare bayeri is a species of colorful sea slug or dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chromodorididae. It was described by Eveline and Ernst Marcus in 1967.[1]

Taxonomic history[edit]

Originally described as the only member of the new genus Felimare, it was subsequently transferred to Hypselodoris and Felimare was considered to be a synonym.[3] However in 2012 a thorough re-evaluation of the genera in the family Chromodorididae based on molecular data, DNA sequences, revealed several distinct clades and Felimare was resurrected for one of these. [4] Felimare is currently considered to be the genus to which all Atlantic Ocean Hypselodoris species belong including all the blue and yellow-striped species from the Caribbean and the Mediterranean Sea.

Distribution[edit]

This nudibranch is found in the Caribbean Sea[5] (Florida, Belize, Mexico, Panama and Cuba) and the Gulf of Mexico[3].

Description[edit]

Dark blue in color with a series of yellow longitudinal lines, it exhibits purple-blue rhinophores and opaque white branchial leaves marked by dark rachises.[3] The foot's posterior end is blue with black spots and yellow lines.[3] The maximum recorded length is 60 mm.[6]

Ecology[edit]

This species feeds on a blue species of the sponge Dysidea.[5] It has been found at depths from 3 m.[6] to at least 18 m and possibly 70 m.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marcus, Ev. & Marcus, Er. "American Opisthobranch Mollusks." Studies in Tropical Oceanography 6:1967 pp. 62-64, figs. 76-79, pl. 1, fig. 2.
  2. ^ Bouchet, P.; Caballer, M. (2012). Felimare bayeri. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=558625 on 2012-05-11
  3. ^ a b c d Valdés, Ángel; Hamann, Jeff; Behrens, David W.; DuPont, Anne. Caribbean Sea Slugs, Sea Challengers Natural History Books, Etc., Gig Harbor, Washington 2006, pp. 158-159. ISBN 0-9700574-2-3
  4. ^ Johnson R.F. & Gosliner T.M. (2012) Traditional taxonomic groupings mask evolutionary history: A molecular phylogeny and new classification of the chromodorid nudibranchs. PLoS ONE 7(4): e33479
  5. ^ a b c Rudman, W.B., 2005 (February 2) Hypselodoris bayeri (Marcus & Marcus, 1967). [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney.
  6. ^ a b Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
  • Rudman W.B. (1984) The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: a review of the genera. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 81 (2/3): 115-273. page(s): 188
  • Ortea, J., Valdés, Á. & García-Gómez, J.C. (1996). Revisión de las especies atlánticas de la familia Chromodorididae (Mollusca: Nudibranchia) del grupo cromático azul. Avicennia suplemento 1: 1-165 page(s): 84
  • Debelius, H. & Kuiter, R.H. (2007) Nudibranchs of the world. ConchBooks, Frankfurt, 360 pp. ISBN 978-3-939767-06-0 page(s): 108
  • Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
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