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The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1996. Conolophus subcristatus In: IUCN 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (March 2004) http://www.redlist.org External link.
  • 1996. "Wildlife-Coastal Zone-Land Iguanas" (On-line). Accessed November 10, 1999 at
  • 2. Galapagos Conservation Trust- land iguana (March 2004) External link.
  • 3. CITES (March 2004) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. Bruin, T (2000) Conolophus subcristatus (On-line), Animal Diversity Web (March 2004) External link.
  • 5. Land iguanas: a natural history. The Darwin Foundation (March 2004) External link.
  • 6. Galapagos land iguanas and their protection. The Darwin Foundation (March 2004) External link.
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.). 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp.
  • Avery, D. F.;Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79.
  • Baillie, J., B. Groombridge. 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp.
  • Cogger, H., R. Zweifel. 1998. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguaninae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23 (122): 261-271.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp.
  • Etheridge,R. 1982. Checklist of the Iguanine and Malagasy Iguanid Lizards. In: Burghardt,G.M. & Rand, A.S., eds., Iguanas of the World. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, pp. 7-37.
  • FRICK, MICHAEL G. 2010. Misconceptions about the ability of researchers to relocate the holotype of the Galapagos pink land iguana through the use of a passive integrated transponder. Zootaxa 2694: 57–58.
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp.
  • Gentile, Gabriele; Anna Fabiani, Cruz Marquez, Howard L. Snell, Heidi M. Snell, Washington Tapia, and Valerio Sbordoni. 2009. An overlooked pink species of land iguana in the Galápagos. PNAS 106: 507-511.
  • Glaberman, Scott & Adalgisa Caccone. 2008. Species-specific evolution of class I MHC genes in iguanas (Order: Squamata; Subfamily: Iguaninae). Immunogenetics 60:371–382.
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Description of a new species of Amblyrhynchus of Mr. Bell, in the British Museum. Zool. Misc. 1831: 6.
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Zool. Misc. 1831: 6
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp.
  • Hall, W.P. 2009. Chromosome Variation, Genomics, Speciation and Evolution in Sceloporus Lizards. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 143-165.
  • Higgins, P.J. 1978. The Galapagos Iguanas: Models of Reptilian Differentiation. BioScience 28 (8): 512-515.
  • Hofkin, Bruce V.; April Wright, Jennifer Altenbach, Kornelia Rassmann, Heidi M. Snell; Robert D. Miller, Anne C. Stone &Howard L. Snell. 2003. Ancient DNA gives green light to Galápagos Land Iguana repatriation. Conservation Genetics 4: 105–108.
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1938. Notes from a herpetological diary, I. Copeia 1938 (4): 191-197.
  • Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish (Online source) External link.
  • Lücker, H. & Feiler, A. 2002. Beobachtungen einer Paarung zwischen Meerechsen-Männchen (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) und Landleguan-Weibchen (Conolophus subcristatus) auf Plaza-Sur/Galapagos-Inseln sowie Beobachtungen an einem adulten Gattungshybriden (Amblyrhynchus x Conolophus). Elaphe 10 (4): 49-54.
  • Mattison, C. 1989. Lizards of the World. New York, NY: Facts On File, Inc..
  • ROSA,SABRINA F. P.; DANIEL MONTEYNE and MICHEL C. MILINKOVITCH. 2009. Development of 10 highly-polymorphic microsatellite markers in the vulnerable Galápagos land iguanas (genus Conolophus). Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 376–379.
  • Rothschild & Hartert. 1899. . Novit. Zool., London, 6: 102.
  • Steindachner, F. 1876. Die Schlangen und Eidechsen der Galapagos-Inseln. Festschr. zool.-bot. Ges., Wien 1876: 303-329.
  • Swash,A. & Still,R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • Switak, Karl H. 1996. The iguanas of the Galapagos Islands. Reptiles 4 (8): 12-30.
  • Van Denburgh, J., and J. R. Slevin. 1913. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. IX. The Galapagoan lizards of the genus Tropidurus with notes on iguanas of the genera Conolophus and Amblyrhynchus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 2: 132-202.
  • Werner, D. 1982. Social organization and ecology of land iguanas. Pp. 342-365 in G Burghardt, A Rand, eds. Iguanas of the World. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Publications.
  • Werner, D. 1983. Reproduction in the Iguana Conolophus subcristatus on Fernandina Island, Galapagos. American Naturalist, 121: 757-775.
  • Werning, H. 2010. Auf den Spuren von Darwin durch Südamerika. Teil 4: Galápagos - Der Darwin Archipel. Reptilia 15 (81): 52-62.


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