Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species has a fairly continuous distribution along the coast from St. Lucia estuary, northwards into southern Mozambique (Tolley and Burger 2007).It is found from 0 to 100 m above sea level. It has an estimated extent of occurrence of 5,600 km, within which it has an estimated area of occupancy of 4,400 km (Tolley and Burger 2007).
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Continent: Africa
Distribution: Republic of South Africa (From St. Lucia to Lake Sibaya)  
Type locality: St. Lucia Estuary, Zululand, South Africa.
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Source: The Reptile Database

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits coastal dune forest where it can be found amongst the undergrowth (Haagner 1989) and in trees (K. Tolley pers. comm. 2010). It has been found on tall grass stems along a small stream running through a suburb (Haagner 1989) as well as in urban gardens (Branch 1998), indicating that this species may be able to tolerate moderately anthropogenic environments.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Tolley, K.

Reviewer/s
Bhm, M., Collen, B. & Ram, M. (Sampled Red List Index Coordinating Team)

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.

Justification
Bradypodion setaroi has been assessed as Least Concern. Although this species distribution is restricted, with an estimated range of 5,600 km. this distribution is continuous and much of its habitat (coastal dune forest) is protected. Threats exist from land use change and localized mining activity. This species has been downlisted from Endangered as its extent of occurrence and area of occupancy (AOO) are larger than previously thought; is not restricted to less than five locations; and a substantial proportion of its AOO is within protected areas. Re-evaluation will be required to identify any changes in the above, particularly habitat fragmentation.

History
  • 1996
    Endangered (EN)
  • 1994
    Rare (R)
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is threatened by the loss of coastal dune forest due to land use change for crops, plantations, and livestock. Mining takes place north of Richards Bay, however, it is unknown if this poses a major threat to the species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species was listed in the 1988 South African Red Data Book as Restricted (Haagner 1989). A global assessment by IUCN in 1996 categorized it as EN (B1+2c) under the version 2.3 criteria. This species is listed on CITES Appendix II. Much of its distribution is protected (K. Tolley pers. comm. 2010). Further research is required into the threats affecting the species and to confirm its area of occupancy.
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Wikipedia

Setaro's dwarf chameleon

Setaro's dwarf chameleon (Bradypodion setaroi) is a species of lizard in the Chamaeleonidae family. With a length of about 10 cm, it is one of the smallest of all the dwarf chameleons. It has a reduced throat crest and a tail that is longer than the body in males, and shorter than the body in females.

It is endemic to South Africa, where it is restricted to coastal dune forests in northern Kwazulu Natal. It adapts well to suburban gardens, but domestic cats - as introduced predators - will usually kill all chameleons in the immediate area.

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