The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (March 2003) External link.
  • 2. Pfleger, V. & Chatfield, J. (1983) A guide to snails of Britain and Europe. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd., London.
  • 3. Step. E. (1951) Shell life: an introduction to the British mollusca. Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd., London.
  • 4. Janus, H. (1982) The illustrated guide to molluscs. Harold Starke Ltd., London.
  • 5. Olsen, L., Sunesen, J. & Pedersen, B. (2001) Small freshwater creatures. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 6. Nichols, D., Cooke, J. & Whiteley, D. (1971) The Oxford book of invertebrates. Oxford University Press, Oxford
  • 7. Sterry, P. (1997) Complete British Wildlife photo guide. Harper Collins Publishers, Ltd., London.
  • Bouchet P., Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2015). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Glöer P. & Pešic V. 2012. The freshwater snails (Gastropoda) of Iran, with descriptions of two new genera and eight new species. ZooKeys 219: 11–61. [4 September 2012]
  • KUPFER Michel, HEROLD Jean-Pierre, in : DORIS, 25/7/2012 : Lymnaea stagnalis (Linnaeus, 1758),
  • Lymnaea stagnalis (Linnaeus)
  • Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. 2009. ecent Mollusca. Pp 196-219 in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.), The New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526


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