DistributionRead full entry
Range DescriptionThis species is a widespread holartic species present through much of Europe and into north Asia. It is thought to have been present in northern Africa but believed to have been extirpated.
In Europe it is recorded from Norway, Sweden, Denmark (mainland), Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Ireland (Eire), Great Britain (UK), Northern Ireland (UK), Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France (mainland), Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Italy (mainland), Sardinia (Italy), Bulgaria, Romania, Balearic Islands (Spain), Spain (mainland), Portugal (mainland), Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ukraine, and Greece (including AndikÃthira Island, Evvia Island, Ionian Islands, SamothrÃ¡ki Island, Northern Sporades Islands, and ThÃ¡sos Island).
In Africa it is only recorded in northern Africa where it was present during the Holocene colder phase (van Damme 1984) but has not been recorded since the 19th Century. It is recorded from Egypt but there are no recent records. In lower Egypt it was recorded from Fayoum, Lake Qaron (Gardner 1932) and upper Egypt at Kom Ombo; it is now extinct from these locations (original records possibly came from tombs or temples). It was recorded in Algeria in the 19th century but this location is now highly populated and polluted so it is certainly not there any more. Therefore it is believed to be extirpated in northern Africa.
In Asia the species is recorded from Afghanistan, Bahrain, India (Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir states, and is likely to be present in further states), Moldova, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Russia (including Kaliningrad), Ukraine and Yemen. It is distributed widely in China (including Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Neimenggu, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Xixi, and Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Xizang, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Fujian, Guangdong, Sichuan and Yunnan provinces; Liu et al. 1979). There are also records from the Mekong drainage in Indochina (Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia and Viet Nam), Nepal and Bangladesh, and the species can be expected in Myanmar.
The species is introduced throughout the United States and can be expected to have been introduced elsewhere.