Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

 Limacia clavigera is white in colour with yellow-orange tipped processes (outgrowths) and can grow up to 2 cm in length. The front processes have a rough texture with feathery ends and are held horizontally, whereas the processes at the sides of the body are smooth and normally curved over its back. Slightly raised orange spots can be found on the slugs back. Two sensory tentacles (rhizophores) can be found on the back of the slugs head, that are tipped with yellow. Three feather-like gills are situated towards the rear of the slug on its back, which also have yellow-orange tips.Can be found feeding on sea mats (Bryozoa), preferentially on Electra pilosa.
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Description

L. clavigera may grow to 20mm in length. It is white with yellow-orange tipped processes around its body. The processes at the front have rough surfaces and are held horizontally. Those at the sides of the body are smooth and are normally curved upwards over the dorsum. There are slightly raised orange spots on the animal's back. The rhinophores are lamellate and they are also tipped with yellow pigment.
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Source: Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland

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Distribution

This species is distributed all around the British Isles and from Norway to the Mediterranean and along the North African coast.
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Source: Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 42 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 49.5
  Temperature range (°C): 11.244 - 12.270
  Nitrate (umol/L): 4.820 - 5.994
  Salinity (PPS): 35.218 - 35.343
  Oxygen (ml/l): 6.153 - 6.204
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.373 - 0.452
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.311 - 2.824

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 49.5

Temperature range (°C): 11.244 - 12.270

Nitrate (umol/L): 4.820 - 5.994

Salinity (PPS): 35.218 - 35.343

Oxygen (ml/l): 6.153 - 6.204

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.373 - 0.452

Silicate (umol/l): 2.311 - 2.824
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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 Limacia clavigera can be found on encrusting bryozoans in the shallow sublittoral down to depths of 80 m.
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A common species which feeds preferentially on the bryozoan Electra pilosa usually on red algae in the shallow sublittoral. Individuals may also be found feeding on other bryozoa beneath rocks in the intertidal and on bryozoan encrusted stones in tide races.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Limacia clavigera

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACATTATATGTCTTTCTAGGAATGTGATGTGGTCTAGTTGGAACAGGATTA---AGATTATTAATTCGATTTGAATTAGGTACTGCAGGAGCCTTTCTTGGAGAT---GATCACTTTTATAATGTTATTGTTACGGCTCATGCTTTTGTAATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCATTAATGATTGGTGGATTTGGAAATTGAATGGTTCCCTTATTA---ATTGGAGCACCAGATATAAGATTCCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGGTTTTGATTATTACCTCCTTCATTTATTTTACTTTTATGTTCTACCTTAATAGAGGGAGGAGCAGGAACAGGATGAACTGTTTATCCTCCTCTATCAGGTCCTGTGGCACATGGAGGTACTTCTGTTGATTTA---GCAATTTTTTCTCTTCATTTAGCAGGTGCATCTTCTCTTTTGGGGGCTATTAATTTTATTACAACTATTTTTAATATACGATCTTCGGCAATAACTATGGAACGTTTAAGATTATTTGTTTGGTCAGTTTTAGTTACTGCTTTTTTATTATTATTATCATTACCTGTATTAGCAGGA---GCTATTACTATACTTTTAACAGACCGAAATTTTAATACTAGATTTTTTGATCCAGCTGGAGGTGGAGATCCTATTCTTTACCAACATTTG------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Limacia clavigera

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Limacia clavigera

The orange-clubbed nudibranch, Limacia clavigera, is a species of dorid nudibranch. It is a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Polyceridae.

Contents

Distribution

It is commonly found in sublittoral algae belts along the Atlantic coast of Europe, including the British Isles, and from Norway to the Mediterranean. It is also found along the South African coast from Saldanha Bay to Port Alfred.[1] It has been found from the intertidal zone to depths of at least 20 m.

Description

The orange-clubbed nudibranch is a small (up to 20 mm), white-bodied dorid with numerous orange-tipped projections on its body and orange spots on its notum. Its gills and perfoliate rhinophores are orange-tipped.[2]

Ecology

The orange-clubbed nudibranch feeds on the encrusting bryozoan Electra pilosa as well as bryozoans of the genus Membranipora and is often seen on encrusted kelp. Its egg ribbon is a flat broad spiral of several coils.

References

  1. ^ GOSLINER, T.M. 1987. Nudibranchs of Southern Africa ISBN 0-930118-13-8
  2. ^ ZSILAVECZ, G. 2007. Nudibranchs of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay. ISBN 0-620-38054-3
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