The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Avila, C. 1998. Competence and metamorphosis in the long-term planktotrophic larvae of the nudibranch mollusc Hermissenda crassicornis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 231: 81-117.
  • Behrens, David W., 1991. ; PacificCoast Nudibranchs, 2nd ed. ; Sea Challengers, Monterey, CA. ; ISBN0-930118-17-0. ; Paperback, 107 pp. ; This excellent paperbackhas color photos and brief descriptions of the nudibranchs, anaspideans,notaspideans,, sacoglossans, and cephalaspideans found along the Pacificcoast, some of which possess a shell. ; Includes a glossary with diagrams,and a pictorial key to opisthobranch suborders. External link.
  • Bouchet P.,Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2013). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Brusca, .., .. Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Kuzirian, .., .. Child, .. Epstein, .. Smith, .. Tamse. October 1996. Lead affect learning by Hermissenda Crassicornis. Biological Journal, 191: 260-61.
  • McDonald,Gary R. and James W. Nybakken, 1980. ; Guide to the Nudibranchsof California. ; American Malacologists, Inc. ; Paperback (largepage size), 72 pp. ; ISBN 0-915826-08-9. ; Contains photos anddescriptions of many nudibranchs, primarily from California but also includingmost species from Alaska to Oregon. ; Also includes a key and glossary. External link.
  • Meinkoth, .. 1981. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Seashore Creatures. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc..
  • Nordin, K. April 14, 1996. "Ocean Info. Nudibranchs" (On-line). Accessed February 12, 2000 at
  • Pearse, .., .. Pearse, .. Buchsbaum, .. Buchsbaum. 1989. Living Invertebrates. Massachusetts: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
  • Rosenberg, G. (2013). Hermissenda crassicornis (Eschscholtz, 1831). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
  • Turgeon, D.; Quinn, J.F.; Bogan, A.E.; Coan, E.V.; Hochberg, F.G.; Lyons, W.G.; Mikkelsen, P.M.; Neves, R.J.; Roper, C.F.E.; Rosenberg, G.; Roth, B.; Scheltema, A.; Thompson, F.G.; Vecchione, M.; Will. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, 26. American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp.
  • Tyndale, .., .. Alvia, .. Kuzirian. October 1994. Food Detection and preferences of the nudibranch mollus Hermissenda crassicornis: Experiments in a Y-maze. Biological Bulletin, 187: 274-75.


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