Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Epiphytic, lithophytic or terrestrial plants. Rhizome creeping, suberect or erect, short or long, often stoloniferous. Stipe not articulated to the rhizome. Fronds monomorphic, widely spaced or tufted. Lamina simple or variously pinnately dissected, with or without a proliferous bud at or near the lamina apex; veins free or anastomosing at the margins. Sori linear (in ours), elongated and dorsally along a vein or shortened and near marginal; indusium narrow or obsolete.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:624Public Records:481
Specimens with Sequences:591Public Species:203
Specimens with Barcodes:586Public BINs:0
Species:215         
Species With Barcodes:209         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Aspleniaceae

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Wikipedia

Aspleniaceae

The Aspleniaceae (spleenworts) is a family of ferns, included in the order Polypodiales[1] or in some classifications as the only family in the order Aspleniales.

Members of the family all have intramarginal, linear sori with a flap-like indusium arising along one edge. Most pteridologists today consider this family of consisting of just two genera. Others still maintain segregate genera such as Phyllitis and Ceterach; however, the species segregated into these genera all hybridize readily with undisputed Asplenium species.[specify] A recent phylogenenetic study of Aspleniaceae (Murukami et al. 1999) shows that species segregated as Camptosorus and Neottopteris are nested within Asplenium and recommends that they be included in that genus, but suggests that Hymenasplenium (including Boniniella) and Phyllitis are distantly related to other Asplenium species and should be recognized at the generic level.

The genus Diellia, consisting of six species found only in Hawaii, was long considered to be independent, but now has been shown to nest within Asplenium.[2]

The Aspleniaceae includes the two genera:[3]

The genus Hemidictyum (formerly also placed in the Woodsiaceae) has been shown to be a phylogenic sister to Aspleniaceae,[4] and therefore considered for membership in this family, but has instead been moved to its own family Hemidictyaceae.[5]

Phylogenic relationships[edit]

The following diagram for the eupolypods II, based on Lehtonen, 2011,[4] and Rothfels & al., 2012,[6] shows a likely phylogenic relationship between the Aspleniaceae and the other families of the eupolypods II clade.

eupolypods II

Cystopteridaceae





Rhachidosoraceae




Diplaziopsidaceae




Aspleniaceae



Hemidictyaceae







Thelypteridaceae




Woodsiaceae





Onocleaceae



Blechnaceae




Athyriaceae







References[edit]

  1. ^ Alan R. Smith, Kathleen M. Pryer, Eric Schuettpelz, Petra Korall, Harald Schneider & Paul G. Wolf (2006). "A classification for extant ferns". Taxon 55 (3): 705–731. doi:10.2307/25065646. 
  2. ^ Schneider H et al. (2005-02-22), "Origin of the endemic fern genus Diellia coincides with the renewal of Hawaiian terrestrial life in the Miocene", Proc Biol Sci. 272 (1561): 455–60, PMID 15734701 
  3. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Xian-Chun Zhang & Harald Schneider (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns". Phytotaxa 19: 7–54. 
  4. ^ a b Samuli Lehtonen (2011). "Towards Resolving the Complete Fern Tree of Life". PLoS ONE 6 (10): e24851. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024851. 
  5. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz & Harald Schneider (2011). "Corrections to Phytotaxa 19: Linear sequence of lycophytes and ferns". Phytotaxa 28: 50–52. 
  6. ^ Carl J. Rothfels, Anders Larsson, Li-Yaung Kuo, Petra Korall, Wen- Liang Chiou, Kathleen M. Pryer (2012). "Overcoming Deep Roots, Fast Rates, and Short Internodes to Resolve the Ancient Rapid Radiation of Eupolypod II Ferns". Systematic Biology 61 (1): 70. 
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