Spisula solidissima — Literature

Atlantic Surf-clam (german: Dickschalige Trogmuschel) learn more about names for this taxon

The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Abbott, R.T. (1954). American seashells. New York: D-Van Nostrand Company Inc.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=4364 External link.
  • Abbott, R.T., (1974). American seashells: the marine mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coast of North America, 2nd edn. New York: Van Nostrand.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=4077 External link.
  • Allen, R. D., 1953. Fertilization and artificial activation in the egg of the surf-clam, Spisula solidissima. Biol. Bull., 105: 213-239.
  • Belding, D. L., 1910. The growth and habits of the sea clam, Mactra solidissima. Ann. Rep. Comm. Fish and Game, Massachusetts, 1909, pp. 26-41.
  • Bouchet P., Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2015). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Brunel, P., L. Bosse, & G. Lamarche. 1998. Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.
  • Cagnelli, L.M., Griesbach, S.J., Packer, D.B. & Weissberger, E. (1999). Essential fish habitat source document: Spisula solidissima, Life History & Habitat characteristics. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE, 142.http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=4364 External link.
  • Carter, Michelle. 2005. Spisula solidissima. Atlantic surf clam. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 18/03/2011]. Available from:
  • Dufour SC; Beninger PG. 2001. A functional interpretation of cilia and mucocyte distributions on the abfrontal surface of bivalve gills. Marine Biology. 138(2): 295-309.
  • Fay, C. W.; Neves, R. J. & Pardue, G. B. 1983. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic). Surf Clam. United States, Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Report 82(11.13).
  • Fay, C.W., Neves, R.J. & Pardue, G.B. (1983). Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic) Surf Calm. U.S. Fish and wildlife Service, Division of Biological Services, FWS/OBS-82/11.13. U.S Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4., http://www.nwrc.gov/publications/specintro.htmhttp://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=4364 External link.
  • Hare, M. P.; Weinberg, J.; Peterfalvy, O. & Davidson, M. 2010. The “Southern” surfclam (Spisula solidissima similis) found north of its reported range: A commercially harvested population in Long Island Sound, New York. Journal of Shellfish Research 29(4):799-807.
  • Huber M. 2010. Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901
  • Huber, M.; Rosenberg, G. 2011. Spisula solidissima (Dillwyn, 1817). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=156996
  • ITIS database
  • Kostanecki, K., 1902. Ueber künstliche Befruchtung und künstliche parthenogenetische\ Furchung bei Mactra. Bull. de l'Acad. des Sci., Cracovie, Cl. des Sci. Math. et Natur., Juillet, 1902, pp. 363-387.
  • Kostanecki, K., 1904. Cytologische Studien an künstlich parthenogenetisch sich entwickelnden Eiern von Mactra. Arch. f. mikr. Anat., 64: 1-98.
  • Kostanecki, K., 1908. Zur Morphologie der künstlichen parthenogenetischen Entwicklung bei Mactra. Arch. f. miter. Anat., 72: 327-352.
  • Kostanecki, K., 1911. Experimentelle Studien an den Eiern von Mactra. Bull. de l'Acad. des Sci., Cracovie, Cl. des Sci. Math. et Natur., ser. B, Mars, 1911, pp. 146-161.
  • Loosanoff, V. L., 1954. New advances in the study of bivalve larvae. Amer. Sci., 42: 607-624.
  • Ma, H.; Grassle, J. & Rosario, J. 2006. Initial recruitment and growth of surfclams (Spisula solidissima Dillwyn) on the inner continental shelf of New Jersey. Journal of Shellfish Research 25: 481-489.
  • Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p.
  • Meisenheimer, J., 1901. Entwicklungsgeschichte von Dreissensia polymorpha Pall. Zeitschr. f. wiss. Zool., 69: 1-137.
  • Prytherch H. F., 1937. The cultivation of lamellibranch larvae. In: Culture Methods for Invertebrate Animals, edit. by Galtsoff et al., Comstock, Ithaca, pp. 539-542.
  • Schechter, V., 1936. Comparative hypotonic cytolysis of several types of invertebrate egg cells and the influence of age. Biol. Bull., 71: 410.
  • Schechter, V., 1937. Calcium and magnesium in relation to longevity of Mactra, Nereis and Hydroides egg cells. Biol. Bull., 73: 392.
  • Schechter, V., 1941. Experimental studies upon the egg cells of the clam, Mactra solidissima, with special reference to longevity. J. Exp. Zool., 86: 461-477.
  • Sclufer, E., 1955. The respiration of Spisula eggs. Biol. Bull., 109: 113-122.
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
  • Weinberg J.R. 1993. Surfclam populations of the middle Atlantic, southern New England, and Georges Bank for 1992. Report of the 15th Northeast Regional Stock Assessment Workshop (15th SAW) The Plenary, p. 10-12. Northeast Fisheries Science Center Reference Document 93-01.
  • Cargnelli, L. M.; Griesbach, S. J.; Packer, D. B. & Weissberger, E. 1999. Atlantic surfclam, Spisula solidissima, life history and habitat characteristics. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE 142: 1-13.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!