Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A very common benthic bivalve mollusk of arctic seas
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Source: Arctic Ocean Diversity

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Outside - chalky; Periostracum light brown to dark brown, dull, wrinkled. Periostracum is absent, as a rule, in the umbones areas; Inside - white.
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Source: Arctic Ocean Diversity

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Distribution

Greenland to Long Island, New York; Bering Sea to Washington
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 435 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 138 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -0.5 - 720
  Temperature range (°C): -1.602 - 11.782
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.003 - 26.753
  Salinity (PPS): 13.921 - 35.201
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.495 - 8.702
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.057 - 2.100
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.066 - 51.234

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -0.5 - 720

Temperature range (°C): -1.602 - 11.782

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.003 - 26.753

Salinity (PPS): 13.921 - 35.201

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.495 - 8.702

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.057 - 2.100

Silicate (umol/l): 1.066 - 51.234
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Infaunal; On silty sand, often with gravel or stones.; Sublitoral mainly; Widespread boreal-arctic
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Trophic Strategy

Deposit and filter feeder.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Dioecious; Development with pelagic larvae
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Source: Arctic Ocean Diversity

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Macoma calcarea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 55
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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