The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Alexander, R. 1979. The Invertebrates. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press.
  • Arnold, Augusta Foote. 1903. Sea-Beach at Ebb-Tide. New York : Century Co.; Page 457
  • Arnold, Augusta Foote. 1903. Sea-Beach at Ebb-Tide. New York : Century Co.; Page 458
  • Bouchet P.,Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2013). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Brunel, P., L. Bosse, & G. Lamarche. 1998. Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.
  • Cooper, E. 1960. Science on the Shores and Banks. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. 2001. Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50:
  • Gosner, K. 1978. Atlantic Seashore. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Great Northern Products, 2001. "Molluscs and Crustaceous" (On-line). Accessed April 27, 2001 at http://northernproducts.com/html/molluscs___crustaceous.html.
  • Hayward, P.J.; Nelson-Smith, A.; Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide: sea shore of Britain and Europe. Collins pocket guides. Harper-Collins Publishers: London, UK. ISBN 0-00-219955-6. 352 pp.
  • Jobin, A., R. Jobin. 1997. "The Assateague Naturalist" (On-line). Accessed April 20, 2001 at http://www.assateague.com.
  • Kindersley, D. "Mollusca - Anatomy" (On-line). Accessed May 9, 2001 at http://www.chardikalaa.com/~gurtej/hmwk/bio/mollusca/.
  • Leewis, R. (2002). Flora en fauna van de zee [Marine flora and fauna]. Veldgids, 16. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-153-X. 320 pp.
  • Lippson, J. 1984. Life in the Chesapeake Bay. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Ogden, M. "Mollusca" (On-line). Accessed May 9, 2001 at http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/m/a/mao153/.
  • Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. 2005. Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453
  • Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526
  • Turgeon, D. D., W. G. Lyons, P. Mikkelsen, G. Rosenberg, and F. Moretzsohn. 2009. Bivalvia (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico,
  • VLIZ Alien Species Consortium
  • Vierna J., Jensen K.T., González-Tizón A.M. & Martínez-Lage A. 2012. Population genetic analysis of Ensis directus unveils high genetic variation in the introduced range and reveals a new species from the NW Atlantic. Marine Biology 159(10): 2209–2227. [Published online 31 July 2012; Code-compliant version published in October 2012]
  • von Cosel, R.; Gofas, S. (2014). Ensis directus. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140732

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