Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Dioecious or monoecious soft-wooded small trees with milky latex. Trunks resembling palms. Leaves palmately-lobed, borne in a terminal crown. Petals and calyx 5-lobed. Stamens 10. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Fruit a berry.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Caricaceae Dumort.:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Colombia (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Calderón de Rzedowski, G. & J. A. Lomeli Sención. 1993. Caricaceae. 17: 1–13. In J. Rzedowski & G. Calderón de Rzedowski Fl. Bajío. Instituto de Ecología A.C., Pátzcuaro.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1014359 External link.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. 2011. Flora de Antioquia. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. 2. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Pp. 1-939.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100008595 External link.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:151Public Records:135
Specimens with Sequences:145Public Species:38
Specimens with Barcodes:143Public BINs:0
Species:39         
Species With Barcodes:39         
          
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Caricaceae

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Caricaceae

The Caricaceae are a family of flowering plants in the order Brassicales,[1] found primarily in tropical regions of Central and South America and Africa. They are short-lived evergreen pachycaul shrubs or small trees growing to 5–10 m tall. One species, Vasconcellea horoviziana is a liana and three species of the genus Jarilla are herbs.[2] Many species bear edible fruit and are source of papain [1].

Based on molecular analyses, this family has been proposed to have originated in Africa in the early Cenozoic era, ~66 million years ago (mya). The dispersal from Africa to Central America occurred ~35 mya, possibly via ocean currents from the Congo delta. From Central America, the family reached South America 19-27 mya.[3]

The family comprises six genera and about 34-35 species:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III.". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. 2009. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. 
  2. ^ "Correct names for some of the closest relatives of Carica papaya: A review of the Mexican/Guatemalan genera Jarilla and Horovitzia". Phytokeys. 2013. 
  3. ^ "A dated phylogeny of the papaya family (Caricaceae) reveals the crop’s closest relatives and the family’s biogeographic history". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2012. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.019. 


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