The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (January, 2009) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 2. Garbutt, N. (1999) Mammals of Madagascar. Pica Press, Sussex.
  • 3. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. Richardson, M. (2005) Pers. Comm.
  • 5. The Primata (October, 2005) External link.
  • 6. Thalmann, U. and Geissmann, T. (2000) Distribution and Geographic Variation in the Western Woolly Lemur (Avahi occidentalis) with Description of a New Species. International Journal of Primatology, 21 (6): 915 - 941. Available at External link.
  • 7. Madagascan Wildlife Conservation (October, 2005) External link.
  • 8. World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (October, 2005) External link.
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Garbutt, N. 1999. Mammals of Madagascar. Pica Press (Helm Information Ltd.), Robertsbridge, UK.
  • Harcourt, C. 1991. Diet and Behavior of a Nocturnal Lemur, Avahi laniger, in the Wild. Journal of Zoology 223:667-674.
  • Harcourt, C., and J. Thornback. 1990. Lemurs of Madagascar and the Cormoros: The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and E. W. Heymann. 1996. Nonconvergence in the evolution of primate life history and socio-ecology. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59:297-326.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and M. E. Pereira. 2003. Primate Life Histories and Socioecology. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILlinois, USA.
  • Mittermeier, Rusell A., Anthony B. Rylands, and Don E. Wilson, eds. 2013. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Volume 3. Primates. 951
  • Purvis, A., J. L. Gittleman, G. Cowlishaw, and G. M. Mace. 2000. Predicting extinction risk in declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 267:1947-1952.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Warren, R. D. 1997. Habitat use and support preference of two free-ranging saltatory lemurs (Lepilemur edwardsi and Avahi occidentalis). Journal of Zoology 241:325-341.
  • Warren, R. D., and R. H. Crompton. 1997. A comparative study of the ranging behaviour, activity rhythms and sociality of Lepilemur edwardsi (Primates, Lepilemuridae) and Avahi occidentalis (Primates, Indriidae) at Ampijoroa, Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 243:397-415.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. xxxv + 743


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