The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2008. "IUCN Redlist" (On-line). Accessed April 08, 2009 at
  • Gould, L., M. Sauther. 2006. Lemurs: Ecology and Adaptations. New York: Springer.
  • Kappeler, P. M. 1999. Lemur social structure and convergence in primate socioecology. Pages 273-300 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  • Konstant, W., F. Hawkins, E. Louis, O. Langrand, J. Ratsimbazafy, R. Rasoloarison, J. Ganzhorn, S. Rajaobelina, I. Tattersall, D. Meyers. 2006. Lemurs of Madagascar. Colombia: Conservational International.
  • Mittermeier, Rusell A., Anthony B. Rylands, and Don E. Wilson, eds. 2013. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Volume 3. Primates. 951
  • Tattersall, I. 1982. The Primates of Madagascar. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Tattersall, I., R. Sussman. 1975. Lemur Biology. New York and London: Plenum Press.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. xxxv + 743
  •, 2009. "Sifakas, Avahis, and Indris: Indriidae" (On-line). Animal Life Encyclopedia. Accessed July 27, 2009 at


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