Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
A3c; B1ab(i,ii,iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Manullang, B. & Supriatna, J.

Reviewer/s
Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
This subspecies is considered Vulnerable due to a continued decline estimated to be more than 30% over the next 40 years (3 generations), as a result of a projected increase in teak plantations, illegal logging and human settlement. In addition the extent of occurrence of this subspecies is less than 20,000 km2, is severely fragmented, and continuing to decline.

History
  • 2000
    Vulnerable
  • 1996
    Vulnerable
  • 1994
    Vulnerable
    (Groombridge 1994)
  • 1990
    Insufficiently Known
    (IUCN 1990)
  • 1988
    Insufficiently Known
    (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
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Population

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Wikipedia

Muna-Buton macaque

The Muna-Buton macaque (Macaca ochreata brunnescens) is one of seven Sulawesi macaques in Indonesia. It is only found on two small islands off the south-east coast; the islands of Buton and Muna. This Old World monkey is diurnal and arboreal, although it can spend significant amounts of time on the ground. It is black with grey "boots" and a brownish colour to the fur on its back. Like other Sulawesi macaques it has a reduced tail of only about 35mm in length. Its body is about 475 - 495mm in length.[2]

The Muna-Buton macaque feeds on fruits for over 60% of its diet, including figs and pandanas fruits. It also feeds on leaves, insects, flowers and bark. It is a very successful crop-raider and if there are agricultural fields nearby it will spend up to 2 hours at a time raiding farmers crops such as sweet potato, maize, papaya and banana.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manullang, B. & Supriatna, J. (2008). Macaca ochreata ssp. brunnescens. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  2. ^ a b Priston, N E C (2005). "Crop-Raiding by Macaca Ochreata Brunnescens in Sulawesi: Reality, Perceptions and Outcomes for Conservation". PhD thesis, University of Cambridge. 


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