Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 1994Vulnerable(Groombridge 1994)
- 1990Insufficiently Known(IUCN 1990)
- 1988Insufficiently Known(IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
The Muna-Buton macaque (Macaca ochreata brunnescens) is one of seven Sulawesi macaques in Indonesia. It is only found on two small islands off the south-east coast; the islands of Buton and Muna. This Old World monkey is diurnal and arboreal, although it can spend significant amounts of time on the ground. It is black with grey "boots" and a brownish colour to the fur on its back. Like other Sulawesi macaques it has a reduced tail of only about 35mm in length. Its body is about 475 - 495mm in length.
The Muna-Buton macaque feeds on fruits for over 60% of its diet, including figs and pandanas fruits. It also feeds on leaves, insects, flowers and bark. It is a very successful crop-raider and if there are agricultural fields nearby it will spend up to 2 hours at a time raiding farmers crops such as sweet potato, maize, papaya and banana.
- Manullang, B. & Supriatna, J. (2008). Macaca ochreata ssp. brunnescens. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- Priston, N E C (2005). "Crop-Raiding by Macaca Ochreata Brunnescens in Sulawesi: Reality, Perceptions and Outcomes for Conservation". PhD thesis, University of Cambridge.
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