The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- East, R. 1999. IUCN African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
- Jones, M. L. 1993. Longevity of ungulates in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook 32:159-169.
- Spinage, C. A. 1986. The Natural History of Antelpoes. Croom Helm, London, UK.
- Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142