The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- East, R. 1999. IUCN African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
- Jones, M. L. 1993. Longevity of ungulates in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook 32:159-169.
- Sibly, R. M., D. Collett, D. E. L. Promislow, D. J. Peacock, and P. H. Harvey. 1997. Mortality rates of mammals. Journal of Zoology 243:1-12.
- Spinage, C. A. 1986. The Natural History of Antelpoes. Croom Helm, London, UK.
- Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
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