Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This is a recently re-discovered species. The range of the species is not completely known, but includes most of the Yucatan peninsula (Mexico), and marginally extends into northern Guatemala and Belize.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Mazama pandora Merriam, 1901
Catalog Number: USNM 108273
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Mammals
Sex/Stage: Male;
Preparation: Skin; Skull
Collector(s): E. Nelson & E. Goldman
Year Collected: 1901
Locality: Tunkas, Yucatan, Mexico, North America
  • Type: Merriam, C. H. 1901 Jul 19. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 14: 105.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Little is known about the ecology of this species. For many years it was considered to be a disjunct population of the brown brocket deer. It is a habitat generalist and highly adaptable deer. Since 1996, the first author is been studying its biology and ecology in South-eastern Mexico.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
A2c

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Weber, M., de Grammont, P.C. & Cuarón, A.D.

Reviewer/s
Black, P. & Gonzalez, S. (Deer Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is considered Vulnerable in light of a continuing decline in population, inferred from rates of habitat loss for this forest dependant species, estimated to be >30% over the past 3 generations (18 years). This species is a research priority as there is no information available outside of the protected area of Calakmul, thus there is no reliable information on its susceptibility to the numerous other threats which exist within its range, such as hunting and trapping.

History
  • 2000
    Data Deficient
  • 1996
    Lower Risk/least concern
    (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
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Population

Population
The species seems to be fairly abundant locally, and in some parts of Yucatan it seems to be more common than the brown brocket.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The species is currently a staple food of the Mayan people, but undoubtedly has also been hunted for many centuries. The effects of hunting on local populations, as well as the effects of deforestation should be examined.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The Yucatan peninsula has two large Biosphere Reserves. The Yucatan brown brocket has been confirmed to exist in one of them (Calakmul Biosphere Reserve), and it likely occurs in Sian Ka’an Reserve as well. Confirmation and status surveys are needed. The species is also known to occur in an area of Yucatan that has been sustainably managed for timber production and other forest products for at least two decades. However, populations of this deer exist outside protected areas and in large forested communal lands know as “ejidos” in Mexico.
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Wikipedia

Yucatan brown brocket

The Yucatan brown brocket (Mazama pandora) is a small species of deer native to the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, Belize and Guatemala.[2] While it is found in humid tropical forest like most other brocket deer, the Yucatan brown brocket also ranges across arid, relatively open habitats.[3] It has been treated as a disjunct subspecies of the gray brocket or a subspecies of the red brocket (Mazama americana).[3]

Among other features, the Yucatan brown brocket differs from both the red brocket and the gray brocket in the shape and measurements of the skull and antlers.[3] It also differs from the Central American red brocket, which is locally sympatric with the Yucatan brown brocket, in its gray-brown, rather than overall reddish, color.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weber, M., de Grammont, P.C. & Cuarón, A.D. (2008). Mazama pandora. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 10 April 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of vulnerable.
  2. ^ Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 637–722. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ a b c d Medellín, Rodrigo A.; Alfred L. Gardner; J. Marcelo Aranda (April 1998). "The taxonomic status of the Yucatán brown brocket, Mazama pandora (Mammalia: Cervidae)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 111 (1): 1–14. Retrieved 10 October 2010. 
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