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Sivatherium('Shiva's beast)' is an extinct giraffid that ranged on plains throughout Africa to the Indian Subcontinent from the Late Pliocene-Modern (5 million-10,000 years ago). It was thought to resemble a moose, but was more similar to a large, more heavily built okapi with a squat build. It was about 3.9m (13 ft) long, 2.2 m (7 ft 4 in) tall at the shoulder, 3 m (10 ft) in total height and weighing up to 500 kg (1,000-2,000 lb).[1] It had a wide, antler-like pair of ossicones on its head and a second pair of giraffe-like ossicones above its eyes. Its very powerful shoulders supported the neck muscles required to lift the heavy skull.[2]

It ate grass. It was hunted to extinction by early humans. The African species, S. maurusium, was placed within the genus "Libytherium." It may have become extinct 8,000 years ago, as depictions that greatly resemble it occur in ancient rock paintings on rocks in the Sahara Desert.


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