Overview

Brief Summary

Rothschild's Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) is one of nine regional variants currently recognized as subspecies of G. camelopardalis (all giraffe subspecies interbreed wherever their distributions come together). Rothschild's Giraffe is found in southern Sudan, northern Uganda, and western Kenya. Genetic studies have suggested that it belongs to a group of "North African" subspecies.

(Skinner and Mitchell 2011)

  • Skinner, J.D. and G. Mitchell. 2011. Family Giraffidae (Giraffe and Okapi). Pp. 788-802 in: Wilson, D.E. and R.A. Mittermeier (eds.). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 2. Hoofed Mammals. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
C2a(i)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Fennessy, J. & Brenneman, R.

Reviewer/s
Hoffmann, M. & Mallon, D.

Contributor/s

Justification
Current estimates of population size are well below 2,500 mature individuals, numbers are declining overall and no subpopulation is estimated to contain more than 250 mature individuals. The population is potentially close to meeting the population threshold for Critically Endangered under criterion C, depending on the number of individuals, if any, that survive in south Sudan.
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Population

Population



Population Trend
Decreasing
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions


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Wikipedia

Rothschild's giraffe

Rothschild's giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi)[2] is one of the most endangered giraffe subspecies, with only a few hundred members in the wild.[3] It is named after the Tring Museum's founder, Walter Rothschild,[4] and is also known as the Baringo giraffe, after the Lake Baringo area of Kenya,[5] or as the Ugandan giraffe. All of those living in the wild are in protected areas in Kenya and Uganda.[3] In 2007, Rothschild's giraffe was proposed as actually a separate species from other giraffe and not a giraffe subspecies.[3]

While giraffes in general are classified as Least Concern, Rothschild's giraffe is at particular risk of hybridisation, as the population is so limited in numbers. Very few locations are left where Rothschild's giraffe can be seen in the wild, with notable spots being Lake Nakuru National Park in Kenya[6] and Murchison Falls National Park[7] in northern Uganda.

Rothschild's giraffes at Lake Nakuru National Park in Kenya
Rothschild's giraffes at Murchison Falls National Park in Uganda

Various captive breeding programmes are in place — notably at the Giraffe Centre in Nairobi, Kenya — which aim to expand the gene pool in the wild population of Rothschild's giraffe. As of January 2011, more than 450 are kept in ISIS registered zoos (which does not include the Nairobi Giraffe Centre), making both it and the reticulated giraffe the most commonly kept subspecies of giraffe.[8]

Rothschild's giraffe is easily distinguishable from other subspecies. The most obvious sign is in the colouring of the coat, or pelt. Where the reticulated giraffe has very clearly defined dark patches with bright-whitish channels between them, Rothschild's giraffe more closely resembles the Masai giraffe. However, when compared to the Masai giraffe, Rothschild's subspecies is paler, the orange-brown patches are less jagged and sharp in shape, and the connective channel is of a creamier hue compared to that seen on the reticulated giraffe. In addition, Rothschild's giraffe displays no markings on the lower leg, giving it the impression of wearing white stockings.[4]

Another distinguishing feature of Rothschild's giraffe, although harder to spot, is the number of ossicones on the head. This is the only subspecies to be born with five ossicones. Two of these are the larger and more obvious ones at the top of the head, which are common to all giraffes. The third ossicone can often be seen in the center of the giraffe's forehead, and the other two are behind each ear.[citation needed] They are also taller than many other subspecies, measuring up to six metres tall (20 ft).[4]

Rothschild's giraffes mate at any time of the year and have a gestation period of 14 to 16 months, typically giving birth to a single calf. They live in small herds, with males and females (and their calves) living separately, only mixing for mating.[citation needed]

Males are larger than females and their two largest ossicones are usually bald from sparring. They usually tend to be darker in colour than the females, although this is not a guaranteed sexing indicator.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fennessy, J. & Brenneman, R. (2010). "Giraffa camelopardalis ssp. rothschildi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ a b c "Not one but 'six giraffe species'". BBC News Online. 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  4. ^ a b c Reed, Christopher (2005-10-11). "Obituary - Betty Leslie-Melville". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-04-19. 
  5. ^ Eric O. Odada. "Lake Baringo". Retrieved 2010-03-07. 
  6. ^ "Lake Nakuru National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 2010-03-07. 
  7. ^ "National Parks & Safaris". Uganda Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 2007-02-10. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  8. ^ International Species Information System (2011). Giraffa camelopardalis. Version 12 Jan 2011.
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