Indian boar

The Indian boar (Sus scrofa cristatus), also known as the Andamanese pig or Moupin pig[2] is a subspecies of wild boar native to India, Nepal, Burma, western Thailand and Sri Lanka.

The Indian boar differs from its European counterpart by its larger, more sharply featured and straighter skull, its smaller, sharper ears and overall lighter build.[3] It is taller and more sparsely haired than the European form, though its back bristles are much more developed.[2] The tail is also more tufted, and the cheeks hairier.[4] Adults measure 33-36 inches in shoulder height (with one specimen in Bengal having reached 38 inches) and five feet in body length. Weight ranges from 200-300 lbs.[2]

The boar appears occasionally in Vedic mythology. A story present in the Brāhmaṇas has Indra slaying an avaricious boar, who has stolen the treasure of the asuras, then giving its carcass to Vishnu, who offered it as a sacrifice to the gods. In the story's retelling in the Charaka Samhita, the boar is described as a form of Prajāpti, and is credited with having raised the earth from the primeval waters. In the Rāmāyaṇa and the Purāṇas, the same boar is portrayed as an avatar of Vishnu.[5]


  1. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–628. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b c Lydekker, R. (1900), The great and small game of India, Burma, & Tibet, London : R. Ward, pp. 258-266
  3. ^ Sterndale, R. A. (1884), Natural history of the Mammalia of India and Ceylon, Calcutta : Thacker, Spink, pp. 415-420
  4. ^ Jerdon, T. C. (1874), The mammals of India; a natural history of all the animals known to inhabit continental India, London, J. Wheldon, pp. 241-244
  5. ^ Macdonell, A. A. (1898), Vedic Mythology, Motilal Banarsidass Publ., p. 41
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