The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bunch, T.D., S. Wang, Y. Zhang, A. Liu and S. Lin. 2000. Chromosome evolution of blue sheep/bharal (Pseudois nayaur). Journal of Heredity 91:168–170.
  • Cao, L.R. , X.M. Wang and S.G. Fang. 2003. A molecular phylogeny of bharal and dwarf blue sheep based on mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences. Acta Zool. Sin. 49:198–204.
  • Cao, L.R., X.M. Wang, G. Rao, K.J. Zhang, Q.H. Wan and S.G. Fang. 2004. Population genetic structure of blue sheep based on molecular evidence from mtDNA. Acta Zootax. Sin. 49:198–204.
  • Feng, J., C. Lajia, D.J. Taylor and M.S. Webster. 2001. Genetic distinctiveness of endangered dwarf blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur schaeferi): evidence from mitochondrial control region and Y-linked ZFY intron sequences. Journal of Heredity 92:9–15.
  • Harris, R.B. 2003. Pseudois nayaur. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • Schaller, G.B. 1998. Wildlife of the Tibetan Steppe. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Zeng, B., L. Xu, B. Yue, Z. Li and F. Zou. 2008. Molecular phylogeography and genetic differentiation of blue sheep Pseudois nayaur szechuanensis and Pseudois schaeferi in China. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(2):387-395.
  • Zhou, C.Q., K.Y. Zhou and J.C. Hu. 2003. The validity of the dwarf bharal (Pseudois schaeferi) species status inferred from mitochondrial Cyt b gene, Acta Zool. Sin. 49:578–584.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!