Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This little known species has been recorded from two lowland localities, Praia das Conchas (3 km NW of Guadalupe) and Agua Izé, in the northern part of São Tomé Island, of São Tomé and Príncipe. Extensive surveys have not located the species elsewhere on the island.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species has been recorded from Praia das Conchas which is quite open and the driest point of the island (open savanna forest with baobabs), and from Agua Izé which is much more humid, and although it is now cocoa plantations it was previously forest (J. Juste pers. comm. 2008). It is unclear if the species can persist in modified habitats. The colony size is not known.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A.M., Bergmans, W. & Juste, J.

Reviewer/s
Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 1000 km², all individuals are in a single location (the island of São Tomé), and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its lowland habitat.

History
  • 2004
    Critically Endangered
  • 1996
    Vulnerable
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Population

Population
It seems to be a very rare species that, despite considerable trapping effort, is currently only known from the type series of three specimens (J. Juste pers. comm. 2008).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The species is believed to be threatened by general habitat loss resulting from coastal development, including tourism activities, conversion of land to agricultural use and possible port construction. The species may be competing with the much more abundant species Chaerephon pumila(J. Juste pers. comm. 2008), with further studies into this relationship needed.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There appear to be no direct conservation measures in place. It is not known if the species is present in any protected areas. Further research is needed into the distribution, natural history and threats to this species.
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Wikipedia

São Tomé free-tailed bat

The São Tomé free-tailed bat (Chaerephon tomensis) is a species of bat in the family Molossidae. It is endemic to São Tomé and Príncipe. Its natural habitats are dry savanna, moist savanna, and plantations . It is threatened by habitat loss.

Sources[edit]

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