Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Dioecious or monoecious perennial herbs or shrubs, hemiparasitic on the stems of woody plants. Stems green, brittle, often with swollen, articulated nodes. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite, simple, evergreen, often reduced to scales. Flowers minute, unisexual. Perianth segments usually 2-4. Male flowers with stamens as many as sepals; style vestigial or 0. Female flowers with short or 0 style and linear or capitate stigma. Ovary inferior. Fruit a 1-seeded berry.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Flowers protect from unwanted visitors: mistletoe
 

The flowers of some mistletoes protect from unwanted visitors by having a pollinator-specific design.

   
  "One of the tropical species of mistletoe keeps its bright red flowers slightly closed until it is visited by a thirsty and inquisitive bird. Its visitor knows how to open them and inserts its beak into a slit in the bud. Immediately, the bud springs open and a battery of anthers flip down and strike the bird's forehead." (Attenborough 1995:117)
  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
  • Attenborough, D. 1995. The Private Life of Plants: A Natural History of Plant Behavior. London: BBC Books. 320 p.
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© The Biomimicry Institute

Source: AskNature

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Functional adaptation

Pollen release triggered by bird landing: mistletoe
 

The roof of some mistletoe flowers releases pollen when the weight of a landing bird triggers the explosive opening of a storage chamber.

       
  "Another species in the same family [of tropical mistletoe] stores its pollen in the roof of its flower. As a bird lands, its weight triggers the chamber so that it opens explosively and showers pollen all over the bird's forehead." (Attenborough 1995:117)
  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
  • Attenborough, D. 1995. The Private Life of Plants: A Natural History of Plant Behavior. London: BBC Books. 320 p.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© The Biomimicry Institute

Source: AskNature

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:2Public Records:2
Specimens with Sequences:2Public Species:2
Specimens with Barcodes:2Public BINs:0
Species:2         
Species With Barcodes:2         
          
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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