The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • BirdLife International 2012. Caracara cheriway. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. . Downloaded on 01 May 2013.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • Cornell Lab of Ornithology Staff, 2011. "Crested Caracara Life History". All About Birds. Powell, H. (ed). Retrieved May 1, 2013 from
  • Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. "Species Spotlight: Crested Caracara". Wildlife Viewing. Retrieved May 1, 2013 from
  • Flower (1938) Furter notes on the duration of life in animals. IV. Birds. Proc Zool Soc London, Ser. A:195–235.
  • Morrison, J. L. 1996. Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus). In The Birds of North America, No. 249 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
  • Morrison, J. L. and J. F. Dwyer. 2012. Crested Caracara (Caracara cheriway), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online:
  • Morrison, J.L. 2001. Recommended management practices and survey protocols for Audubon’s crested caracara (Caracara cheriway audubonii) in Florida. Technical Report No. 18. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee Florida, USA. Retrieved May 1, 2013 from
  • Type: Cassin. (Not Earlier Than January 31) 1865. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. for 1865: 2.
  • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Audubon's Crested Caracara. Retrieved May 1, 2013 from South Florida Ecological Services Office: xternal Website
  • Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, April 2, 2013. Northern Crested Caracara. Retrieved May 1, 2013 from
  • doi:10.2173/bna.249


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!