The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2009. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L. Englera 29(1): 1–438.
  • Ehrlich, S.D. 3 March 2013. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide: Barberry.
  • Gen. Pl.: 286. 4 Aug 1789.
  • Genera Plantarum 286. 1789. (4 Aug 1789) (Gen. Pl.)
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kim, Young-Dong Kim, Y-D, S-H Kim and L. R. Landrum, 2004. Taxonomic and phytogeographic implications from ITS phylogeny in Berberis (Berberidaceae). J Plant Res 117:175–182. DOI: 10.1007/s10265-004-0145-7
  • Luteyn, J. L. 1999. Páramos, a checklist of plant diversity, geographical distribution, and botanical literature. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 84: viii–xv, 1–278.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Regni Vegetabilis Systema Naturale 1: 126. 1818[1817]. (1-15 Nov 1817) (Syst. Nat.)
  • Ulloa, April 2014. The Berberis Checklist. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 18, 2014 from
  • University of Maryland Medical Center. Retrieved November 19, 2014 from
  • Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 12 November 2014. Berberis. Retrieved November 19, 2014 from
  • WoRMS (2014). Berberidaceae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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