Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Xandarasterope storthynx Kornicker, new species

 

Figures 70-73

 

 

Xandarasterope species A, Kornicker, 1994, fig. 111d-f.

 

 

ETYMOLOGY.—From the Greek storthynx (point, spike).

 

 

HOLOTYPE.—NMV J40026, partly dissected adult female in alcohol.

 

 

TYPE LOCALITY.—Slope 66, 38°40.29'S, 149° 18.06'E, Victoria, 96 km S of Point Hicks; depth 2900 m.

 

 

PARATYPES.—Slope 17: USNM 193999,1 ovigerous female on slide and in alcohol; NMV J40023, 1 juvenile in alcohol. Slope 66: USNM 193958, 1 ovigerous female on slide and in alcohol; NMV J40024, 1 late juvenile (length 2.02 mm, height 1.45 mm); NMV J40025, 1 early juvenile (length 1.64 mm, height 1.22 mm).

 

 

DISTRIBUTION.—Slope 17, 2250 m. Slope 66, 2900 m.

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF ADULT FEMALE.— Carapace oval in lateral view with incisur ventral to valve midheight; dorsal and ventral margins strongly convex.

 

Infold: Rostral infold dorsal to list of right valve of USNM 193958 with about 10 long bristles, 30 short bristles, and about 10 empty sockets once containing bristles; rostral infold with about 6 long bristle along list and about 25 long bristles between list and incisur; anteroventral infold with about 90 bristles; narrow list with anterior end near inner end of incisur continues along ventral margin then broadens along posteroventral and posterior infolds; ventral infold to point opposite ventral hyaline flap-like bristle on broad posteroventral list with about 60 bristles between list and valve edge; posteroventral and posterior infolds (from point opposite ventral flap-like bristle) with row of about 11 long bristles followed by about 40 shorter bristles; 7 short tubular processes between posterior list and valve edge in same region as row of small bristles; broad posteroventral and posterior list with 28-31 broad hyaline flap-like bristles and 64 (USNM 193999) to 108 (USNM 193958) closely spaced slender bristles (about 16 long, remainder short; generally about 2-4 slender bristles between each pair of flap-like bristles) in row anterior to hyaline flap-like bristles; some flap-like bristles longer and broader than others and with about 10 tubular pores at base; on left valve only of USNM 193958 posterior part of ventral infold with small crescent-like structures.

 

Selvage: Short fringed lamellar prolongation along inner part of ventral edge of incisur. Short fringed segment also present on right valve just dorsal to dorsal end of broad posterior list.

 

Vestment: Vestment proximal to anterodorsal infold with long spines; a few spines on posterodorsal vestment just dorsal to broad posterior list.

 

Central Adductor Muscle Attachments: Comprising 53-56 small ovoid attachments.

 

Carapace Size (length, height in mm): Slope 17: USNM 193999,2.22, 1.68, height 76% of length. Slope 66: Holotype, 2.39, 1.99, height 83% of length; USNM 193958, 2.37, 1.85, height 78% of length. Length range 2.22-2.39, height range 1.68-1.99; range of height as percent of length 76-83.

 

First Antenna: 1st and 2nd joints spinous; 2nd joint with long spinous dorsal bristle and backward-pointing lateral bristle. 3rd joint with distinct suture separating it from 4th joint, with row of distal spines on ventral margin extending onto lateral surface, 1 small bare ventral bristle, and 6 dorsal bristles (proximal 4 single with long spines; next 2 paired (lateral with long spines, medial with short spines)). 4th joint with ventral spines, 2 small ventral bristles (bare or with short spines), and 1 long dorsal bristle with short spines. Sensory bristle of 5th joint long slender, with short proximal filament and 6 long distal filaments. Medial bristle of 6th joint long, with short spines. 7th joint: a-bristle claw-like with minute dorsal spines in proximal third; b-bristle about 1/3 longer than a-bristle, with 4 marginal filaments; c-bristle about 2 1/2 times length of a-bristle, with 9 marginal filaments. 8th joint: d- and e-bristles filament-like, slightly longer than f-bristle, bare with blunt tips; e-bristle stouter than d-bristle (distal part of d- and e-bristles broken off on USNM 193958, but on holotype d-bristle complete on left limb, and e-bristle complete on right limb); f-bristle almost twice length of a-bristle, bent dorsally, with 5 marginal filaments; g-bristle about same length as c-bristle, with 8 marginal filaments.

 

Second Antenna: Protopodite with abundant slender spines on dorsal and ventral margins and medial surface, and small bare distomedial bristle. Endopodite well developed, distinctly 3-jointed, with long terminal filament. Exopodite: 1st joint with few distal spines on concave margin (not shown); bristle of 2nd joint reaching end of 9th joint, with abundant fairly short hair-like spines; bristles of joints 3-8 with natatory hairs, some also with minute spines at about 1/3 length; 9th joint with 3 bristles (2 long with natatory hairs, 1 short (dorsal) with few small hairs); joints 2-8 with row of small spines along distal edges but no basal spines; 9th joint with 1 or 2 small lateral spines.

 

Mandible: Coxale endite: Dorsal branch with long slender bare bristle near base of ventral branch (dorsal branch broken off on both limbs of USNM 193958); ventral branch with 3 or 4 oblique rows of slender spines and tip with 3 small teeth (dorsal larger). Basale endite with small glandular peg, 2 dwarf bristles, 5 triaenid bristles with 14-19 pairs of spines excluding terminal pair, and 4 spinous end bristles. Basale: Ventral margin with 1 triaenid bristle (with 8-11 paired spines excluding terminal pair) close to base of endite and proximal to U-shaped boss, and several fairly stout spines distal to U-shaped boss; dorsal margin with spines and 2 long stout terminal bristles with short spines; medial and lateral surfaces with rows of spines. Exopodite reaching midlength of dorsal margin of 1st endopodial joint, hirsute with 2 short subterminal bristles. 1st endopodial joint with 3 long ventral bristles (shortest with short spines, others with long spines). 2nd endopodial joint: Dorsal margin with 3 short slender proximal bristles, stout spinous a-, b-, c-, and d-bristles (all about same width and length), long spinous lateral e-bristle between b- and c-bristles, long stout lateral f-bristle (about same length as d-bristle) between c- and d-bristles, and long stout spinous medial g-bristle just distal to base of d-bristle; medial surface with spines, and 16-18 spinous cleaning bristles near dorsal margin; ventral margin with 3 long spinous terminal bristles. 3rd endopodial joint with straight dorsal claw with few minute ventral teeth at midlength and 1 short and 4 long spinous bristles.

 

Maxilla: Endite I with 1 short bristle and 3 long spinous bristles; endite II with 3 long spinous bristles and 1 minute bare bristle. Epipodite hirsute, with narrow tip reaching to about midlength of dorsal margin of basale. Basale: hirsute; dorsal margin with 2 bristles (1 proximal, 1 distal); ventral margin with 6 slender bristles on USNM 193999 and 9 or 10 on USNM 193958, and 1 long spinous terminal bristle; lateral side with short proximal bristle near midheight. 1st endopodial joint with ventral and dorsal hairs, short distal alpha-bristle, and long beta-bristle. 2nd endopodial joint with terminal bristle either shorter than beta-bristle or about same length.

 

Fifth Limb: Comb with stout spinous exopodial bristle reaching past tip of comb, 2 slender bristles just ventral to base of stout bristle, 2 pairs of bristles closer to ventral edge of comb, long hairs on dorsal edge of tip, and abundant short slender hairs (with bases on medial side and medial to ventral bristles) along ventral edge; 4 bristles with bases on lateral side almost on ventral margin (1 proximal, 1 at midlength, 2 near tip).

 

Sixth Limb: Small medial spine in proximal anterior corner. Anterior margin with a short bristle at upper and lower endite sutures; anteroventral corner with 2 short bristles on USNM 193999 and 4 short bristles on USNM 193958; lateral flap with 2 or 3 hirsute bristles (anteroventral corner plus lateral flap with total of 5-7 bristles); ventral and posterior margins with 23-29 bristles (posterior 7 or 8 plumose, others with long proximal and short distal hairs). Limb hirsute.

 

Seventh Limb: Each limb with 17-22 bristles (holotype and USNM 193999 with 17 or 18 bristles; USNM 193958 with 22 bristles); 2 long proximal and 2 long terminal bristles with 4 or 5 bells, others with 2 or 3 bells. Terminus with opposing combs, each with 12-15 spinous teeth.

 

Furca: Each lamella with 6 stout claws followed by 3 ringed bristle-like claws; 2 or 3 lateral bristles (similar to bristle-like claws) present almost on ventral margin (1 between claws 2 and 3,1 between claws 3 and 4, and 1 or none between claws 4 and 5); right lamella anterior to left by width of base of claw 1.

 

Bellonci Organ: Elongate, broadening and striated near midlength; sides subparallel or tapered distal to broad segment; tip broadly rounded.

 

Eyes: Lateral eyes absent. Medial eye unpigmented, with abundant dorsal hairs.

 

Lips: Upper lip with 2 hirsute lobes separated by saddle; anterior margin of saddle hirsute, undulate, with 1-3 short spines, and appearing more sclerotized than usual for members of subfamily; each lobe with stout anterior spine. Lower lip a hirsute flap on each side of mouth.

 

Genitalia: An indistinct oval on each side of body anterior to furca.

 

Gills: 1 long gills on each side of body.

 

Anterior of Body: Without anterior process.

 

Posterior of Body: Middle part hirsute; short thumb-like dorsal process with stiff spines.

 

Y-Sclerite: Typical for subfamily.

 

Eggs: Slope 17: USNM 193999 with 9 well-developed eggs in marsupium (length of 1 egg 0.46 mm). Slope 66: USNM 193958 with 10 eggs in marsupium (length of 1 egg 0.55 mm). Location of 1 egg in each specimen shown in Figures 70a, 73c [in cited text].

 

Parasites: Holotype with a juvenile nematode (identified as parasitic by Duane Hope, Smithsonian Institution). (The nematode was observed on a slide after the ostracode was partly dissected; whether it was originally inside the shell or inside the body of the ostracode is not known. The body and carapace of the holotype were examined later and no additional nematodes are present The nematode is mounted in glycerine on a separate slide deposited with the holotype of X. storthynx in the Museum of Victoria.)”

 

 

(Kornicker & Poore, 1996, p. 126-131)

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Source: Antarctic Invertebrates Website (NMNH)

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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Xandarasterope storthynx Kornicker
Catalog Number: USNM 193958
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female; ovigerous
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol); Slide
Collector(s): G. Poore
Year Collected: 1988
Locality: S Of Point Hicks, Victoria, Australia, Tasman Sea, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 2900 to 2900
Vessel: Franklin R/V
  • Paratype:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Xandarasterope storthynx Kornicker
Catalog Number: USNM 193999
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol); Slide
Collector(s): G. Poore
Year Collected: 1986
Locality: Off Nowra, New South Wales, Australia, Tasman Sea, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 2250 to 2250
Vessel: Franklin R/V
  • Paratype:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2250 - 2900
  Temperature range (°C): 1.587 - 1.587
  Nitrate (umol/L): 34.295 - 34.295
  Salinity (PPS): 34.735 - 34.735
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.399 - 4.399
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.290 - 2.290
  Silicate (umol/l): 113.455 - 113.455

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2250 - 2900
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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