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Philoria is a genus of frogs native to eastern and southern Australia. These frogs are all confined to mountain areas, with 5 species occurring in the mountains of northern New South Wales and southern Queensland. One species occurs in Victoria. All species are listed as endangered, except the Baw Baw Frog, which is listed as critically endangered. They are small to medium sized frogs that live in water saturated sites, such as sphagnum bogs and seepages on rocky slopes. The eggs are laid in foam nests hidden from light. The tadpoles remain within the nest and live entirely on the yolk.
Some taxonomists class only the Baw Baw Frog (Philoria frosti) in the genus Philoria and class the other 5 species in the genus Kyarranus because of osteological features, size differences (Philoria frosti is larger) and the presence of a large gland behind each eye (parotoid gland).
|Common name||Binomial name|
|Baw Baw Frog||Philoria frosti (Spencer, 1901)|
|Mountain Frog||Philoria kundagungan (Ingram & Corben, 1975)|
|Loveridge's Frog||Philoria loveridgei (Parker, 1940)|
|Southern Mountain Frog||Philoria pughi (Knowles, Mahony, Armstrong & Donnellan, 2004)|
|Richmond Range Mountain Frog||Philoria richmondensis (Knowles, Mahony, Armstrong & Donnellan, 2004)|
|Sphagnum Frog||Philoria sphagnicolus (Moore, 1958)|