Comprehensive Description

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Description

Skin smooth. Lungs present. Vomerine teeth in V-shaped series. Parotoids well-developed. Costal grooves well-developed. Tail compressed laterally. Toes 4, sometimes 2-5 as an anomaly. No claws in larvae or adults. Larvae of limnophilous type which do not overwinter. Tail slightly shorter, equal or slightly longer than body with head. Coloration brown, bronze-brown, olive or greyish with light, often golden or silver longitudinal dorsal band and dark spots. Males have relatively longer and higher tails than females, a larger cloaca (both in length and width), relatively longer forelegs and a total length equal to fore- and hindlegs. These differences are more pronounced during the reproductive period.

View a video of Salamandrella keyserlingii feeding.

Populations from southeastern Siberia (Primorye Region) are geneticallydistinct and have recently been recognized as a distinct species,Salamandrella schrenckii. However, Kuzmin (2008) demonstrated that this nameis invalid and assigned another name, S. keyserlingii tridactyla. Currently the author recognizes it as a subspecies but it may be elevated to species rank in the future, if results from Poyarkov and Kuzmin (2008) are confirmed.

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