Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Gymnopis multiplicata reaches a body length of up to 500mm. The eye is covered by skin and bone, and can not be seen. The tentacle lies anterior to the eye. Teeth are monocuspid, slightly recurved, slightly arrow head shaped, and diminish in height posteriorly. Splenial teeth are present. The number of teeth increases slowly with age. The vent, is simple, transverse and lobed, and the male intromittent organ has 8-10 elongate lobes and appears fluted when everted. There are mineralized denticles embedded in the annuli of the dermal scales. There are 112-133 primary annuli and 64-117 secondaries. There are two nuchal collars, the anterior one possessing a transverse dorsal groove, and the posterior one grooved but mostly fused with the first primary annulus.

A Spanish-language species account can be found at the website of Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio).

Featured in Amazing Amphibians on April 15, 2013

  • Wake, M. H. (1963). ''Gymnopis multiplicata.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 411.1-411.2.
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Distribution

Distribution and Habitat

This species occurs in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, in Honduras and Nicaragua, Costa Rica and adjacent Panama, from sea level to 900m. Found from sea level to 1400 m south to Veragua, Panama.

  • Wake, M. H. (1963). ''Gymnopis multiplicata.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 411.1-411.2.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:5
Specimens with Sequences:4
Specimens with Barcodes:1
Species:1
Species With Barcodes:1
Public Records:1
Public Species:1
Public BINs:1
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Barcode data

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Conservation

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

This species is viviparous, with the fetuses recieving maternal nutrition after the yolk has been used up. Metamorphosis occurs while the fetuses are in the oviduct. Fetuses are thought to scrape their teeth along the oviduct wall to stimulate cell turnover and secretion of nutrients. Fetuses possess tiramous gills that are resorbed before birth. Gestation period is about 11 months. Females reproduce every two years, bearing 2-10 offspring. Males are spermatogenic from February to November.

  • Wake, M. H. (1963). ''Gymnopis multiplicata.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 411.1-411.2.
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Wikipedia

Gymnopis

Gymnopis is a genus of amphibian in the Dermophiidae family.

Species

Binomial name and authorCommon name
Gymnopis multiplicata Peters, 1874purple caecilian, Varagua caecilian
Gymnopis syntrema (Cope, 1866)wet forest caecilian, mountain caecilian

References

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