The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. (eds.) 2009. Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae. Fl. Mesoamer. 4(1): 1–855. External link.
  • Gonzalez Villareal, L. M. 1996. La familia Clethraceae en el estado de Jalisco, Mexico. Fl. Jalisco 1–34. External link.
  • González-Villarreal, L. M. 1996. Clethraceae. 47: 1–19. In J. Rzedowski & G. Calderón de Rzedowski Fl. Bajío. Instituto de Ecología A.C., Pátzcuaro. External link.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. 2011. Flora de Antioquia. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. 2. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Pp. 1-939. External link.
  • Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,. External link.
  • Tucker, Gordon C., and Sean C. Jones / Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 2009. Clethraceae Klotzsch: White Alder Family. Flora of North America North of Mexico, vol. 8: Magnoliophyta: Paeoniaceae to Ericaceae. 364-366


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!