Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimen Records: 43
Specimens with Sequences: 28
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species With Barcodes: 2
Public Records: 1
Public Species: 1
The Mydidae (alternative spelling Mydaidae), or Mydas flies, are a small (fewer than 400 species), cosmopolitan family of rather large flies - including, in fact, the largest known fly, Gauromydas heros (syn. Mydas heros). Many of the species, in addition to their large size, are mimics of stinging Hymenopterans, especially wasps. They are most diverse and abundant in arid regions of the world, but can be found in other habitats. They are infrequently encountered as the adult life span appears quite short, and little is known about their biology, though larvae of some species appear to be subterranean predators of ants.
For terms see Morphology of Diptera. Mydids are medium to very large flies (9mm.-60 mm. bodylength). The abdomen is long and cylindrical in section. It is slightly tapered apically in the male, and usually widest at segment 4 in the female.The second segment of the antenna forms a club. Mydids are sparsely pilose, and lack bristles except on the legs. The hindleg is much longer and stronger than either the middle leg or the foreleg and the hind femur is usually swollen, and bears ventral spines. The hind tibia has an apical spur or bristles. The wings are long, narrow to wide. Most of the veins end in the upper margin before apex.
The classification of the family has changed fairly recently, with the inclusion of a few genera that were previously placed in the family Apioceridae. This had an ironic twist to it, as the apiocerids have long been given the common name "Flower-loving flies" - but the only "Flower-loving flies" that visited flowers are those which are now placed in the Mydidae. Among the flies that were transferred is the genus Rhaphiomidas, which includes one of the only Diptera on the Endangered Species List (Rhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalis, a.k.a. the "Delhi Sands flower-loving fly").
- Bequaert, M. 1963. Contribution a la connaissance morphologique et a la classification des Mydaidae (Diptera). Bull. Inst. Roy. Sciences Natur. Belg. 37:1-18.
- Oosterbroek, P. 1998. 41. Mydidae. In P. Oosterbroek: The families of Diptera of the Malay Archipelago. Brill: Boston. p. 95.
- Sack P. (1934) 23. Mydaidae. In: Lindner E. (Ed) Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region. Band 4(5), 1–29. Schweizerbart‘sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, 1–29.Keys to Palaearctic species but now needs revision (in German).
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