Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Shrubs, sometimes climbing. Stipules present or 0. Leaves opposite, simple (Lonicera) or compound (Sambucus). Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, 4-5-merous. Corolla gamopetalous, sometimes 2-lipped. Ovary inferior, 2-5-locular. Fruit a berry or drupe. 
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:934Public Records:540
Specimens with Sequences:881Public Species:179
Specimens with Barcodes:857Public BINs:0
Species:232         
Species With Barcodes:217         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Caprifoliaceae

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Caprifoliaceae

The Caprifoliaceae or honeysuckle family are a clade consisting of about 800[citation needed] dicotyledonous flowering plants, with a nearly cosmopolitan distribution; centres of diversity are found in eastern North America and eastern Asia, while they are absent in tropical and southern Africa.

They are mostly shrubs and vines, rarely herbs, including some ornamental garden plants in temperate regions. The leaves are mostly opposite with no stipules (appendages at the base of a leafstalk or petiole), and may be either evergreen or deciduous. The flowers are tubular funnel-shaped or bell-like, usually with five outward spreading lobes or points, and are often fragrant. They usually form a small calyx with small bracts. The fruit is in most cases a berry or a drupe. The genera Diervilla and Weigela have capsular fruit.

Taxonomy[edit]

Views of the family-level classification of the traditionally accepted Caprifoliaceae and other plants in the botanical order Dipsacales have been considerably revised in recent decades. Most botanists now accept the placement of two of the most familiar members of this group, the elderberries (Sambucus) and the viburnums Viburnum, in the family Adoxaceae instead; these were formerly classified in the Caprifoliaceae.

Several other families of the more broadly treated Caprifoliaceae are separated by some but not all authors; these are included in the listing below of an evolutionary classification of the Dipsacales,[citation needed] along with estimated numbers of species for each genus.

Adoxaceae

Diervilleae

Heptacodium [Family placement uncertain]

Caprifoliaceae [Viewed narrowly here]

Linnaeaceae

Morinaceae

Dipsacaceae

Triplostegia [Family placement uncertain]

Valerianaceae

Uses[edit]

The plants belonging to this family are mainly hardy ornamental shrubs or vines, many popular garden shrubs, especially Abelia, Lonicera, and Weigela. A few have become invasive weeds outside of their native ranges (such as Lonicera japonica).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
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