The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- B. Kurten and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene mammals of North America
- Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207